Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

In situ synthesis during organic analysis of lunar samples

  • 26 Accesses

  • 3 Citations

Abstract

In the development and application of extremely sensitive analytical techniques the need for extreme cleanliness and avoidance of contamination has been generally recognized and complied with in the organic analysis of lunar samples. Much less attention has been paid to the possibility of inadvertent synthesis of certain organic molecules from indigenous smaller organic or even inorganic constituents of the lunar material. At the part-per-billion level of detectability reactions proceeding even at very low yield can lead to detectable products. A particular area of concern should be the amino acid analysis since those substances are known to be formed by condensation of ammonia, cyanide and carbonyl compounds, all potential products of lunar material upon treatment with aqueous media.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Abell, P. I., Cadogan, P. H., Eglinton, G., Maxwell, J. R., and Pillinger, C. T.: 1971,Proc. 2nd Lunar Sci. Conf. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta Suppl. 2,2, 1843.

  2. Chang, S., Smith, J. W., Kaplan, I., Lawless, J., Kvenvolden, K. A., and Ponnamperuma, C.: 1970,Proc. Apollo 11 Lunar Sci. Conf., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta Suppl. 1,2, 1857.

  3. Fox, S. W. and Windsor, C. R.: 1970,Science 170, 984.

  4. Fox, S. W., Harada, K., and Hare, P. E.: 1972, this issue, p. 425.

  5. Friedmann, N., Haverland, W. J., and Miller, S. L.: 1972, in R. Buvet and Ponnamperuma (eds.),Chemical Evolution and the Origin of Life, North-Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam, p. 123.

  6. Gabel, N. W. and Ponnamperuma, C.: 1967,Nature 216, 453.

  7. Gehrke, C. W.: 1972, this issue, p. 342.

  8. Gibson, E. K. and Moore, C. B.: 1972, this issue, p. 404.

  9. Hamilton, P. B. and Nagy, B.: 1972, this issue, p. 432.

  10. Hare, P. E., Harada, K., and Fox, S. W.: 1970,Proc. Apollo 11 Lunar Sci. Conf., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta Suppl. 1,2.

  11. Kvenvolden, K. A. and Ponnamperuma, C. (eds.) ‘A Search for Carbon and its Compounds in Lunar Samples from Mare Tranquilitatis’, NASA Special Publication Number 257.

  12. Miller, S. L.: 1955,J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 77, 2351.

  13. Murphy, Sr. M. E., Modzeleski, V. E., Nagy, B., Scott, W. M., Young, M., Drew, C. M., Hamilton, P. B., and Urey, H. C.: 1970,Proc. Apollo 11 Lunar Sci. Conf., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta Suppl. 1,2, 1879.

  14. Murphy, R. C., Preti, G., Nafissi-V, M. M., and Biemann, K. 1970:Proc. Apollo 11 Lunar Sci. Conf.,Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta Suppl. 1,2, 1891.

  15. Nagy, B. and Modzelewski, V. E.: 1972, this issue, p. 323.

  16. Nagy, B., Modzeleski, J. E., Modzeleski, V. E., Mohammed, M. A. J., Nagy, L. A., Scott, W. M., Drew, C. M., Thomas, J. E., Ward, R., Hamilton, P. B., and Urey, H. C.: 1971,Nature 232, 94

  17. Oró, J.: 1961,Nature,191, 1193.

  18. Preti, G., Murphy, R. C., and Biemann, K.: 1971,Proc. 2nd Lunar Sci. Conf., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta Suppl. 2 2, 1879.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Biemann, K. In situ synthesis during organic analysis of lunar samples. Space Life Sciences 3, 469–473 (1972). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00926776

Download citation

Keywords

  • Ammonia
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Geochemistry
  • Carbonyl
  • Cyanide