Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde

, Volume 61, Issue 3, pp 249–264 | Cite as

Antennal sensory receptors of the male mosquito,Anopheles stephensi

  • K. S. Boo
Original Investigations


It was shown by electron microscopy that antennae of maleAnopheles stephensi have the same types of sensory receptors as the females, with sunken pegs (sensilla ampullacea and sensilla coeloconica), surface pegs (sensilla basiconica), hairs (sensilla trichodea), bristles and fibrillae (sensilla chaetica), and scolopidia in the Johnston's organ. Compared with the female, the male mosquito has fewer than half of the sensory cells in the flagellum, but many more in the Johnston's organ. The smaller number of flagellar sensory neurons in the male was due mainly to fewer sensory receptors of possibly olfactory types. Sensory cells of mechano- and thermoreceptors were present in almost identical numbers in both sexes, as only about 15% of the long fibrillae, abundant as whorls in the male mosquito, are innervated by a single neuron.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Belton, P.: An analysis of direction finding in male mosquitoes. In: Experimental analysis of insect behaviour, L. Barton Brown, ed., pp. 139–148. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer-Verlag 1974Google Scholar
  2. Boo, K.S., McIver, S.B.: Fine structure of sunken thick-walled pegs (sensilla ampullacea and coeloconica) on the antennae of mosquitoes. Can. J. Zool.53, 262–266 (1975)Google Scholar
  3. Boo, K.S., McIver, S.B.: Fine structure of surface and sunken grooved pegs on the antennae of femaleAnopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culidicae). Can. J. Zool.54, 235–244 (1976)Google Scholar
  4. Boo, K.S., Richards, A.G.: Fine structure of scolopidia in the Johnston's organ of maleAedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae). Int. J. Insect Morphol. Embryol.4, 549–566 (1975a)Google Scholar
  5. Boo, K.S., Richards, A.G.: Fine structure of scolopidia in Johnston's organ of femaleAedes aegypti compared with that of the male. J. Insect Physiol.21, 1129–1139 (1975b)Google Scholar
  6. Davis, E.E.: Response of the antennal receptors of the maleAedes aegypti mosquito. J. Insect Physiol.23, 613–617 (1977)Google Scholar
  7. Davis, E.E., Sokolove, P.G.: Temperature responses of antennal receptors of the mosquito,Aedes aegypti. J. Comp. Physiol.96, 223–236 (1975)Google Scholar
  8. Elizarov, Yu.A., Chaika, S.Yu.: Ultrastructure of olfactory sensillae on antennae and palps of the mosquitoCulex pipiens molestus (Diptera: Culicidae). Zool. Zhur.51, 1665–1675 (1972)Google Scholar
  9. Ismail, I.A.H.: Sense organs in the antennae ofAnopheles maculipennis atroparvus (v. Thiel) and their possible function in relation to the attraction of female mosquito to man. Acta Trop. (Basel)19, 1–58 (1962)Google Scholar
  10. Ismail, I.A.H.: Comparative study of sense organs in the antennae of culicine and anopheline female mosquitoes. Acta Trop. (Basel)21, 155–168 (1964)Google Scholar
  11. Karnovsky, M.J.: A formaldehyde-glutaraldehyde fixative of high osmolarity for use in electron microscopy. J. Cell Biol.27, 137–138A (1965)Google Scholar
  12. McIver, S.B.: Comparative studies on the sense organs on the antennae and maxillary palps of selected male culicine mosquitoes Can. J. Zool.49, 235–239 (1971)Google Scholar
  13. McIver, S.B.: Fine structure of the sensilla chaetica on the antennae ofAedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am.65, 1390–1397 (1972)Google Scholar
  14. McIver, S.B.: Fine structure of antennal sensilla coeloconica of culicine mosquitoes. Tissue Cell.5, 105–112 (1973)Google Scholar
  15. McIver, S.B.: Fine structure of antennal grooved pegs of the mosquito,Aedes aegypti. Cell Tissue Res.153, 327–337 (1974)Google Scholar
  16. Risler, H.: Das Gehörorgan der Männchen vonAnopheles stephensi Liston (Culicidae). Zool. Jb. Anat.73, 165–186 (1953)Google Scholar
  17. Risler, H.: Das Gehörorgan der Männchen vonCulex pipiens L.,Aedes aegypti L. undAnopheles stephensi Liston (Culicidae), eine vergleichend morphologische Untersuchung. Zool. Jb. Anat.74, 478–490 (1955)Google Scholar
  18. Risler, H., Schmidt, K.: Der Feinbau der Scolopidien im Johnstonschen Organ vonAedes aegypti L. Z. Naturforsch [c]22b, 759–762 (1967)Google Scholar
  19. Roth, L.M.: A study of mosquito behavior. An experimental laboratory study of the sexual behavior ofAedes aegypti (Linnaeus). Am. Mid. Nat.40, 265–352 (1948)Google Scholar
  20. Roth, L.M., Willis, E.R.: Possible hygroreceptors inAedes aegypti (L.) andBlattella germanica (L.). J. Morphol.91, 1–14 (1952)Google Scholar
  21. Schneider, D., Steinbrecht, R.A.: Checklist of insect olfactory sensilla. Symp. Zool. Soc. Lond.23, 279–297 (1968)Google Scholar
  22. Slifer, E.H., Sekhon, S.S.: The fine structure of the sense organs on the antennal flagellum of the yellow fever mosquitoAedes aegypti (Linnaeus). J. Morphol.111, 49–67 (1962)Google Scholar
  23. Spurr, A.R.: A low-viscosity epoxy resin embedding medium for electron microscopy. J. Ultrastruct. Res.26, 31–43 (1969)Google Scholar
  24. Steward, C.C., Atwood, C.E.: The sensory organs of mosquito antennae. Can. J. Zool.41, 577–594 (1963)Google Scholar
  25. Tischner, H.: Über den Gehörsinn von Stechmücken. Acoustica3, 335–343 (1953)Google Scholar
  26. Wishart, G., van Sickle, C.R., Riordan, D.F.: Orientation of the males ofAedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) to sound. Can. Ent94, 613–626 (1962)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. S. Boo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PathologyUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada

Personalised recommendations