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Farm income, market wages, and off-farm labour supply

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Zusammenfassung

Nebenerwerbslandwirtschaft entwickelt sich immer mehr zur vorherrschenden Form der Erwerbstätigkeit von Landwirten. Die Erwerbsentscheidung zwischen Voll-, Zu- und Nebenerwerb wird im Rahmen eines statischen Arbeitsangebotsmodells untersucht und mit Hilfe eines “Ordered-probit”-bzw. eines “Tobit”-Ansatzes für 1.842 landwirtschaftliche Haushalte in Oberösterreich getestet. Das Arbeitsmarktverhalten von Landwirten ist gekennzeichnet durch eine hohe Lohnelastizität vergleichbar den Ergebnissen für das Erwerbsverhalten von Personen auf dem sekundären Arbeitsmarkt. Darüber hinaus läßt sich ein signifikanter Einfluß der Betriebsgröße, der Struktur des landwirtschaftlichen Haushaltes sowie der Art und des Umfangs der Ausbildung des Betriebsleiterehepaares erkennen.

Abstract

In most developed countries we observe an increasing share of part-time farming at the expense of full-time farmers. In the present paper, we develop a theoretical labour supply model which accounts for the specific decision problem of a farmer. The empirical analysis uses the ordered probit and a Tobit model to explain labour supply behaviour for a sample of farm households in Upper Austria. Farm size, household characteristics, as well as education significantly influences off-farm labour supply behaviour. The obtained wage elasticities for male farmers are comparable in magnitude to those obtained in labour supply studies for adult females or elderly people.

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Author information

Correspondence to Christoph R. Weiss.

Additional information

We are grateful to the “Agrar- und Forstrechtsabteilung der oberösterreichischen Landesregierung” for giving us access to the data set, and E. Fürst for helpful assistance in data preparation. We are indebted to the participants of the first annual conference of the Austrian Association of Agricultural Economists (ÖGA) held in Vienna in October 1991 and especially to R. Winter-Ebmer, M. Hofreither, and three anonymous referees for valuable comments.

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Pfaffermayr, M., Weiss, C.R. & Zweimüller, J. Farm income, market wages, and off-farm labour supply. Empirica 18, 221–235 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00924913

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Keywords

  • Labour Supply
  • Household Characteristic
  • Farm Size
  • Farm Household
  • Tobit Model