Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 95–105 | Cite as

The effect of time-out release contingencies on changes in child noncompliance

  • Arthur W. Bean
  • Mark W. Roberts


This project evaluated the effect of time-out release contingencies on changes in child noncompliance to maternal instructions. Twenty-four clinic-referred, noncompliant, preschool children served as subjects. Each child was assessed under baseline conditions and then under one of three experimental conditions: Parent Release, Child Release, or Control. Children in the Parent Release and Child Release conditions experienced time-out contingent upon noncompliance. Temporal and behavioral time-out release contingencies were present in the Parent Release condition but not in the Child Release condition. A spanking procedure was used to inhibit premature escape from time-out for children in the Parent Release group. The results indicated that both time-out groups demonstrated increased compliance ratios. However, improvement associated with the Child Release condition was considered to be clinically insignificant.


Preschool Child Baseline Condition Maternal Instruction Release Condition Release Group 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arthur W. Bean
    • 1
  • Mark W. Roberts
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentIdaho State UniversityPocatello

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