Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 537–547 | Cite as

Sociometric status of clinic-referred children with Attention Deficit Disorders with and without Hyperactivity

  • Caryn L. Carlson
  • Benjamin B. Lahey
  • Cynthia L. Frame
  • Jason Walker
  • George W. Hynd


Peer sociometric nominations of clinic-referred children given the diagnosis of Attention) Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity (ADD/H) or Attention Deficit Disorder without Hyperactivity (ADD/WO) were compared to one another and to those of normal control children. Only children with ADD diagnoses in the absence of other major diagnoses were included. Both children with ADD/H (n=16) and ADD/WO (n=11) received significantly fewer “liked most” nominations, more “liked least” nominations, and lower social preference scores than normal control (n=45) children. These results confirm previous findings of social deficits in children with ADD/H, even when codiagnoses are excluded. In addition, they support the validity of the diagnostic category of ADD/WO by demonstrating that the ADD/WO behavior pattern is apparently “psychopathological” in being associated with peer unpopularity after codiagnoses are excluded. When larger groups including all codiagnoses (primarily Conduct Disorder) of children with ADD/H (n=36) and ADD/WO (n=20) were compared, identical patterns of peer unpopularity were found, except that children with ADD/H also were significantly more likely to be nominated as a child who “fights most”.


Normal Control Attention Deficit Behavior Pattern Diagnostic Category Social Preference 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caryn L. Carlson
    • 1
  • Benjamin B. Lahey
    • 2
  • Cynthia L. Frame
    • 2
  • Jason Walker
    • 2
  • George W. Hynd
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburg
  2. 2.Clinical Training Program, Department of PsychologyThe University of GeorgiaAthens
  3. 3.Department of EducationThe University of GeorgiaAthens

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