Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 497–501 | Cite as

Problem-solving deficits and depressive symptoms among children

  • Nadine J. Kaslow
  • Richard L. Tanenbaum
  • Lyn Y. Abramson
  • Christopher Peterson
  • Martin E. P. Seligman


Depressive symptoms among 40 fourth- and fifth-grade students as measured by the Children's Depression Inventory, correlated highly with impaired problem solving at block designs (r=.64) and anagrams (r=.67). Similar impairments have been found among depressed adults, suggesting that depression among children may be continuous with depression among adults.


Depressive Symptom Block Design Similar Impairment Depressed Adult Impaired Problem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Beck, A. T.Depression: Clinical, experimental, and theoretical aspects. New York: Hoeber, 1967.Google Scholar
  2. Blatt, S. J., & Allison, J. The intelligence test in personality assessment. In A. I. Rabin (Ed.),Protective techniques in personality assessment. New York: Springer, 1968.Google Scholar
  3. Cantwell, D. P., & Carlson, G. Problems and prospects in the study of childhood depression. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 1979,167, 522–529.Google Scholar
  4. Cytryn, L., McKnew, D. H., & Bunney, W. E. Diagnosis of depression in children: A reassessment.American Journal of Psychiatry, 1980,137, 22–35.Google Scholar
  5. Dweck, C. S., & Licht, B. Learned helplessness and intellectual achievement. In J. Garber & M. E. P. Seligman (Eds.),Human helplessness. New York: Academic Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  6. Mein, D. C., Fencil-Morse, E., & Seligman, M. E. P. Learned helplessness, depression, and the attribution of failure.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1976,33, 508–516.Google Scholar
  7. Klein, D. C., & Seligman, M. E. P. Reversal of performance deficits in learned helplessness and depression.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1976,85, 11–26.Google Scholar
  8. Kovacs, M. Rating scales to assess depression in school-aged children.Acta Paedopsychiatrica, 1980/1981,46, 305–315.Google Scholar
  9. Kovacs, M., & Beck, A. T. An empirical clinical approach towards a definition of childhood depression. In J. G. Schulterbrandt & R. Raskin (Eds.),Depression in children: Diagnosis, treatment, and conceptual models. New York: Raven Press, 1977.Google Scholar
  10. Lefkowitz, M. M., & Burton, N. Childhood depression: A critique of the concept.Psychological Bulletin, 1978,85, 716–726.Google Scholar
  11. Lefkowitz, M. M., & Tesiny, E. P. Assessment of childhood depression.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1980,48, 43–50.Google Scholar
  12. Orvaschel, H., Weissman, M. M., & Kidd, K. K. Children and depression.Journal of Affective Disorders, 1980,2, 1–16.Google Scholar
  13. Price, K. P., Tryon, W. W., & Raps, C. S. Learned helplessness and depression in a clinical population: A test of two behavioral hypotheses.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1978,87, 113–121.Google Scholar
  14. Rapaport, D., Gill, M., & Schafer, R.Diagnostic psychological testing (Rev. ed., R. E. Holt, Ed.). New York: International Universities Press, 1968.Google Scholar
  15. Schwartz, M., Friedman, R., Lindsay, P., & Narrol, H. The relationship between conceptual tempo and depression in children.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1982,50, 488–490.Google Scholar
  16. Seligman, M. E. P.Helplessness: On depression, development, and death. San Francisco: Freeman, 1975.Google Scholar
  17. Weiner, Z. Childhood depression: An overview.Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 1978,166, 588–593.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nadine J. Kaslow
    • 1
  • Richard L. Tanenbaum
    • 2
  • Lyn Y. Abramson
    • 3
  • Christopher Peterson
    • 4
  • Martin E. P. Seligman
    • 5
  1. 1.University of HoustonUSA
  2. 2.Virginia Commonwealth UniversityUSA
  3. 3.University of WisconsinUSA
  4. 4.Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityUSA
  5. 5.University of PennsylvaniaUSA

Personalised recommendations