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Influence of neutrophil cationic proteins on generation of superoxide by human polymorphonuclear cells during phagocytosis

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Abstract

The cationic proteins from neutrophyl lysosomes have been shown to modulate phagocytic activity of granulocytes. The present study reports the effects of the cationic protein fractions on the generation of O 2 by human PMNs during phagocytosis. Human PMNs were reacted win different phagocytic stimuli in the presence and absence of lysosomal cationic proteins and the amount of O 2 generated was determined by superoxide dismutase inhibitable reduction of cytochromec. Total cationic protein extract from neutrophil lysosomes enhanced O 2 generated by PMNs during the phagocytosis of IgG-coated latex beads and opsonized zymosan particles. The analysis of the fractions of cationic proteins obtained from a Sephadex G-75 column showed that the O 2 generation-enhancing activity was associated with the proteins eluted in fractions III and IV. A protein fraction mainly eluted in void volume inhibited the cytochromec reduction by O 2 formed during phagocytosis. This was due to the presence of superoxide dismutase-like activity since O 2 generated by the xanthine-xanthine oxidase system was also inhibited by this fraction. The cationic protein fractions III and IV from the Sephadex G-75 column were further subfractionated. Although the O 2 -enhancing activity was eluted in the same fractions as chymotrypsin activity, there was no quantitative correlation between the amount of O 2 generation and chymotrypsin activity. Moreover, commercial chymotrypsin did not enhance O 2 generation. Electrophoretic analysis of the isolated protein fractions suggests that O 2 generation enhancing protein (SGEP) is different from lysozyme or chymotrypsin and probably represents previously undescribed protein.

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Alam, M., Ranadive, N.S. & Pruzanski, W. Influence of neutrophil cationic proteins on generation of superoxide by human polymorphonuclear cells during phagocytosis. Inflammation 11, 131–142 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00916015

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Keywords

  • Chymotrypsin
  • Cationic Protein
  • Latex Bead
  • Chymotrypsin Activity
  • Opsonized Zymosan