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Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 553–569 | Cite as

Self-Reported Delinquency, neuropsychological deficit, and history of attention deficit disorder

  • Terrie E. Moffitt
  • Phil A. Silva
Article

Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate the possibility that a pattern of cognitive deficit is associated with delinquent behavior, while avoiding some of the methodological problems of previous research. The Self- Report Early Delinquency instrument and a research battery of neuropsychological tests were administered blindly to an unselected cohort of 678 13- year- olds. Because the diagnosis of attention deficit disorder (ADD) was found at markedly elevated rates in the backgrounds of these delinquents, the possibility was examined that the neuropsychological deficits of delinquents might be limited to delinquents with histories of ADD. Although delinquents with past ADD were more cognitively impaired than non-ADD delinquents, both groups scored significantly below nondelinquents on verbal, visuospatial, and visualmotor integration skills. In addition, ADD delinquents scored poorly on memory abilities. Subjects with ADD who had not developed delinquent behavior were not as cognitively impaired as ADD delinquents, suggesting that it is the specific comorbidity of ADD and delinquency that bears neuropsychological study.

Keywords

Cognitive Deficit Attention Deficit Neuropsychological Test Methodological Problem Delinquent Behavior 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Terrie E. Moffitt
    • 1
  • Phil A. Silva
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of WisconsinMadison
  2. 2.Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Research UnitUniversity of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand

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