Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp 687–692 | Cite as

Childhood nocturnal enuresis: The prediction of premature withdrawal from behavioral conditioning

  • William G. Wagner
  • J. T. Johnson
Article

Abstract

Predictors of premature withdrawal from a 12-week program of behavioral conditioning for childhood nocturnal enuresis were examined for 47 children treated at a university outpatient clinic. All children were administered the Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale; parents completed the 55-item Behavior Problem Checklist and the Tolerance Scale for Enuresis. Parents also reported the methods (i.e., random awakening, restriction of fluids, rewards,punishment, medication, other) previously used to control their child's wetting. A stepwise discriminant function analysis revealed that the function containing number of previous techniques used, presence of child behavior problems, and parent tolerance of enuresis was a significant predictor of early termination of treatment.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. DeLeon, G., & Mandell, W. (1966). A comparison of conditioning and psychotherapy in the treatment of functional enuresis.Journal of Clinical Psychology, 22 326–330.Google Scholar
  2. Doleys, D. (1977). Behavioral treatments for nocturnal enuresis in children: A review of the recent literature.Psychological Bulletin, 84, 30–54.Google Scholar
  3. Forsythe, W., & Redmond, A. (1974). Enuresis and spontaneous cure rate: Study of 1129 enuretics.Archives of Diseases of Children, 49, 259–263.Google Scholar
  4. Geffken, G., Johnson, S., & Walker, D. (1986). Behavioral interventions for childhood nocturnal enuresis: The differential effect of bladder capacity on treatment progress and outcome.Health Psychology, 5, 261–272.Google Scholar
  5. Johnson, S. (1980). Enuresis. In R. Daitzman (Ed.),Clinical behavior therapy and behavior modification (Vol. 1, pp. 81–142). New York: Garland Press.Google Scholar
  6. Morgan, R., & Young, G. (1975). Parental attitudes and the conditioning treatment of childhood enuresis.Behaviour Research and Therapy, 13, 197–199.Google Scholar
  7. Peterson, D. (1961). Behavior problems of middle childhood.Journal of Consulting Psychology, 25, 205–209.Google Scholar
  8. Piers, E., & Harris, D. (1969).The Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale. Nashville, TN: Counselor Recordings and Tests.Google Scholar
  9. Sacks, S., DeLeon, G., & Blackman, S. (1974). Psychological changes associated with conditioning functional enuresis.Journal of Clinical Psychology, 30, 271–276.Google Scholar
  10. Turner, R., Young, G., & Rachman, S. (1970). Treatment of nocturnal enuresis by conditioning techniques.Behaviour Research and Therapy, 8, 367–381.Google Scholar
  11. Wagner, W. (1987). The behavioral treatment of childhood nocturnal enuresis.Journal of Counseling and Development, 65, 262–265.Google Scholar
  12. Wagner, W., Johnson, S., Walker, D., Carter, R., & Wittmer, J. (1982). A controlled comparison of two treatments for nocturnal enuresis.Journal of Pediatrics, 101, 302–307.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • William G. Wagner
    • 1
  • J. T. Johnson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Counseling PsychologyUniversity of Southern MississippiHattiesburg
  2. 2.Computing CenterUniversity of Southern MississippiHattiesburg

Personalised recommendations