Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 363–372

Agreement among teacher, peer, and self-ratings of children's aggression, withdrawal, and likability

  • Jane E. Ledingham
  • Alastair Younger
  • Alex Schwartzman
  • Guy Bergeron


This study examined the relationship among teacher, peer, and self-ratings of children's social behavior. The Pupil Evaluation Inventory was completed by 172 first-graders, 346 fourth-graders, 283 seventh-graders, and 30 teachers. Groups of deviant responders and controls were also selected from the total sample on the basis of peer-rated aggression and withdrawal scores. Interrater agreement was consistently greater between peer and teacher ratings than between self-ratings and either peer or teacher ratings. Discrepancies between raters were greatest for children with more deviant scores, with peer ratings providing the highest estimates of deviant behavior, and self ratings yielding the lowest. Self ratings were lower than teacher or peer ratings on aggression and withdrawal, and higher on likability. Aggression produced greatest agreement between raters. Agreement was uninfluenced by the cognitive maturity of peer evaluators. The results suggest that the selection of raters should be influenced by the class of behaviors to be evaluated and the context in which they occur.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jane E. Ledingham
    • 2
  • Alastair Younger
    • 1
  • Alex Schwartzman
    • 1
  • Guy Bergeron
    • 1
  1. 1.Concordia UniversityCanada
  2. 2.Child Study CentreUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada

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