Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 213–229 | Cite as

Homemaker role experiences affect toddler behaviors via maternal well-being and parenting behavior

  • Julian Barling
  • Karyl E. MacEwen
  • Mary -Lou Nolte


A model delineating the relationship between homemakers' role experiences and toddler behavior was developed, and tested using path analysis. We proposed that the relationship between homemakers' role experiences (skill use, perceived financial equity, homemaking satisfaction, and role overload) and toddler's internalizing and externalizing behaviors is mediated by maternal psychological well-being (positive mood, negative mood, and cognitive difficulties) and parenting behavior (positive, punishing, and rejecting). Using confirmatory path analysis, the proposed model fit the data [Q=73, W(34) =47.4; p >.05] obtained from a sample of 187 homemakers. The results suggest that, as for employed mothers, it is important to understand how homemakers experiencetheir role, because those experiences indirectly predict children's behavior.


Parenting Behavior Path Analysis Negative Mood Positive Mood Cognitive Difficulty 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julian Barling
    • 1
  • Karyl E. MacEwen
    • 1
  • Mary -Lou Nolte
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyQueen's UniversityKingstonCanada

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