Advertisement

Applied physics

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 11–17 | Cite as

Atomic steps on single crystals: Experimental methods and properties

  • M. Henzler
Contributed Papers

Abstract

Among possible structural surface defects atomic steps constitute so far the only well investigated defect. With Low Energy Electron Diffraction (LEED) step density, orientation, terrace width, step arrangements and other structural parameters may be measured. Steps are present on nearly all surfaces, special step configurations may be produced by proper treatment. The presence of steps affects many surface properties like surface states, work function, adsorption and catalytic activity. It is therefore important to know the existence and properties of steps on all investigated surfaces.

Index Headings

Surface physics Atomic steps LEED 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    M. Henzler: Surface Sci.25, 650 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    W.P. Ellis, R.L. Schwoebel: Surface Sci.11, 82 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Henzler: Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. Ser. (11)14, 794 (1969); and Surface Sci.19, 159 (1970)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Perdereau, G.E. Rhead: In Coll. Int. Struct. Prop. Surfaces Solides (Edition CNRS, Paris, 1969) p. 37; and Surface Sci.24, 555 (1970)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Henzler: Surface Sci.22, 12 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. Beckmann, A. Spizzichino:The Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves from Rough Surfaces (Pergamon, Oxford 1963)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. Bodesheim, A. Otto: Surface Sci.45, 441 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    I. Ohlidal, F. Lukés, K. Navratil: Surface Sci.45, 91 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    G.A. Bassett: Phil. Mag.3, 72 (1958)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    H.C. Abbink, R.M. Broudy, G.P. McCarthy: J. Appl. Phys.39, 4673 (1968)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    K.J. Matysik: Surface Sci.46, 457 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S.H.A. Begemann, A.L. Boers: Surface Sci.30, 134 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Henzler, J. Clabes: Jap. J. Appl. Phys. Suppl. 2, Part 2, p. 389 (1974)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. Henzler, G. Schulze: Verhandl. DPG (VI)10, 569 (1975); and to be publishedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    J.E. Houston, R.L. Park: Surface Sci.26, 269 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    W.P. Ellis: InOptical Transforms, ed. by H. Lipson (Academic Press, London 1972)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    W.P. Ellis: Surface Sci.45, 569 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Henzler: Surface Sci.36, 109 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    B. Lang, R.W. Joyner, G. Somorjai: Surf. Sci.30, 440, 453 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    K. Besocke, H. Wagner: 9th Ann. Conf. on Thin Films and Surfaces, Warwick (1975), to be published in Surface Sci. R. Butz, B. Krahl-Urban, E. Preuss, D. Bruckmann: Phys. Stat. Sol. (a)27, 205 (1975)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    H. Conrad, G. Ertl, E.E. Latta: Surface Sci.41, 435 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    J.W. Tester, C.C. Herrick, W.P. Ellis: Surface Sci.41, 619 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    D. Kohl, M. Henzler, G. Heiland: Surface Sci.41, 403 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    K. Besocke, H. Wagner: Phys. Rev. B8, 4597 (1973)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    K. Besocke, H. Wagner: Preprint (to be published)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    J.M. Blakely, R.L. Schwoebel: Surface Sci.26, 321 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    J.E. Rowe, S.B. Christman, H. Ibach: Phys. Rev. Letters34, 874 (1975)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    P.P. Auer, W. Mönch: Jap. J. Appl. Phys. Suppl. 2, Part 2, 397 (1974)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    R. Smoluchowski: Phys. Rev. 60, 661 (1941)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    P.P. Auer, W. Mönch, J.v. Wienskowski: Verhandl. DPG (VI)10, 382 (1975)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    W. Kuhlmann, M. Henzler: To be publishedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    N. Kasupke, M. Henzler: Surface Sci. (to be published)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    M. Henzler, J. Clabes: Unpublished resultsGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    P.E. Gregory, W.E. Spicer, S. Ciraci, W.A. Harrison: Appl. Phys. Letters25, 511 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    D.E. Eastman, J.L. Freeouf: Phys. Rev. Letters33, 1601 (1974)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    M. Henzler: J. Appl. Phys.40, 3758 (1969)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Y.C. Cheng, E.A. Sullivan: Surface Sci.34, 717 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    M. Henzler: InSurface Physics of Crystalline Materials, ed. by J. Blakely (Academic Press, New York 1975)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    H. Ibach, K. Horn, R. Dorn, H. Lüth: Surface Sci.38, 433 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    H. Ibach: Surf. Sci. (to be published)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    N. Kasupke, M. Henzler: UnpublishedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    R.W. Joyner, B. Lang, G.A. Somorjai: J. Cat.27, 405 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    D.R. Kahn, E.E. Petersen, G.A. Somorjai: J. Cat.34, 294 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    S.L. Bernasek, W.J. Siekhaus, G.A. Somorjai: Phys. Rev. Letters30, 1202 (1973)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    S.L. Bernasek, G.A. Somorjai: J. Chem. Phys.60, 4552 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    S.L. Bernasek, G.A. Somorjai: Surface Sci.48, 204 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    K.E. Lu, R.R. Rye: Surface Sci.45, 677 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    R. Gomer (Ed.):Interactions on Metal Surfaces, Topics in Applied Physics, Vol. 4 (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York 1975)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Henzler
    • 1
  1. 1.Physikalisches InstitutTechnische UniversitätClausthalFed. Rep. Germany

Personalised recommendations