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The detrital zone in the shorty crater cores

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Abstract

The lower part of lunar cores 74002/1 contains pure fine-grained black soil grading upward to orange soil. The section, however, between 10 cm and the lunar surface contains a mixture of orange and dark soil with a clast-in-matrix texture and some agglutinates. Therefore, this upper section is interpreted as a detrital zone. Although Shorty Crater was formed approximately 30 m.y. ago, all indicators of soil age give a much shorter time for residence of the detrital zone. Both absolute agglutinate content and authigenic agglutinate content indicate a surface residence of less than 8 m.y. for the detrital portion of the core. Most calculated ages of the detrital zone cluster are around 3 m.y. Grain size distribution is characteristic of an immature soil and there is little evidence, indicated by lack of upward fining and decrease in coarsest grain sizes, ofin situ maturation of the section. Mixing with adjacent soils is very low, even though such soils lie only 0.5 M from the sampling site. Four of the five sub-strata in the upper 10 cm could have been produced by the impact event that produced the 20 M wide boulder field near the sampling site on the Shorty Crater rim. This event would distribute perched clasts over the sampling site. Thickness of the detrital part of the section is in keeping with its being ejecta from the boulder bed crater. The thickness of the agglutinate-rich zone, 1.5 cm, is reasonable for a less-than 4 m.y. residence time.

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Nagle, J.S. The detrital zone in the shorty crater cores. The Moon and the Planets 18, 499–517 (1978). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00897299

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Keywords

  • Grain Size
  • Sampling Site
  • Boulder
  • Grain Size Distribution
  • Lunar Surface