Human Ecology

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 145–174 | Cite as

Etolo hunting performance and energetics

  • Peter D. Dwyer


Analyses of nearly 3000 hr of hunting for mammals by Etolo people of Papua New Guinea reveal that older hunters were more successful than younger hunters, that increased success was due, in large part, to higher rates of capture for only two of 24 prey species, and that access to a good hunting dog accounted for the increase in rate of capture for one of these two species. A comparison of Gadio Enga and Rofaifo mammal hunting with that of Etolo reveals a marked decline in energy and protein yields with increase of altitude. This is attributed to altitudinal changes in the composition of the available fauna within Papua New Guinea and to reinforcing effects from increased human population density.

Key words

Papua New Guinea hunting energy protein mammals 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Davidson, H. R. (1966).The Production and Marketing of Pigs. Longmans, London.Google Scholar
  2. Diner, P., Moore, K., and Mutaw, R. (1980). Meats, markets, and mechanical materialism: The great protein fiasco in anthropology.Dialectical Anthropology 5: 171–192.Google Scholar
  3. Devendra, C., and Fuller, M. F. (1979).Pig Production in the Tropics. Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  4. Dornstreich, M. D. (1973). An ecological study of Gadio Enga (New Guinea) subsistence. Ph. D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, Columbia University.Google Scholar
  5. Dwyer, P. D. (1974). The price of protein: Five hundred hours of hunting in the New Guinea highlands.Oceania 44: 278–293.Google Scholar
  6. Dwyer, P. D. (1980). Edible-waste ratios for some New Guinea mammals.Science in New Guinea 7(3): 109–116.Google Scholar
  7. Dwyer, P. D. (1981). Wildlife conservation and tradition in the New Guinea highlands. InTraditional Conservation in Papua New Guinea: Implications for Today. Institute of Applied Social and Economic Research, Port Moresby, pp. 173–189.Google Scholar
  8. Dwyer, P. D. (1982). Prey switching: A case study from New Guinea.Journal of Animal Ecology 51: 529–542.Google Scholar
  9. Dwyer, P. D., and Reichelt, R. E. (n.d.). Estimating the weight of some New Guinea mammals (manuscript).Google Scholar
  10. Ellen, R. F. (1975). Non-domesticated resources in Nuaulu ecological relations.Social Science Information 14(5): 127–151.Google Scholar
  11. Food and Agricultural organization (1949).Food Composition Tables for International Use. FAO Nutritional Studies No. 3, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations.Google Scholar
  12. Hart, F. L., and Fisher, H. J. (1971).Modern Food Analysis. Springer-Verlag, New York.Google Scholar
  13. Kelly, R. (1977).Etoro Social Structure: A Study in Structural Contradiction. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor.Google Scholar
  14. Lee, R. B. (1968). What hunters do for a living, or, how to make out on scarce resources. In Lee, R. B., and DeVore, I. (eds.),Man the Hunter, Aldine, Chicago, pp. 30–48.Google Scholar
  15. McArthur, M. (1977). Nutritional research in Melanesia: A second look at the Tsembaga. In Bayliss-Smith, T., and Feacham, R. (eds.),Subsistence and Survival: Rural Ecology in the Pacific. Academic Press, New York, pp. 91–128.Google Scholar
  16. Norgan, N. G., Ferro-Luzzi, A., and Durnin, J. V. G. A. (1974). The energy and nutrient intake and the energy expenditure of 204 New Guinea adults.Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 268: 309–348.Google Scholar
  17. Norgan, N. G., Durnin, J. V. G. A., and Ferro-Luzzi, A. (1979). The composition of some New Guinea foods.Papua New Guinea Agricultural Journal 30: 25–39.Google Scholar
  18. Rappaport, R. A. (1968).Pigs for the Ancestors: Ritual in the Ecology of a New Guinea People. Yale University Press, New Haven.Google Scholar
  19. Schieffelin, E. L. (1977).The Sorrow of the Lonely and the Burning of the Dancers. University of Queensland Press, St. Lucia, Queensland.Google Scholar
  20. Smith, E. A. (1979). Human adaptation and energetic efficiency.Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal 7: 53–74.Google Scholar
  21. Smith, W. W. (1952).Pork Production. MacMillan Co., New York.Google Scholar
  22. Strathern, A., and Strathern, M. (1968). Marsupials and magic: a study of spell symbolism among the Mbowamb.Cambridge Papers in Social Anthropology 5: 179–202.Google Scholar
  23. van Deusen, H. M. (1972). Mammals. In Ryan, P. (ed.),Encyclopaedia of Papua and New Guinea. Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, pp. 688–694.Google Scholar
  24. Watt, B. K., and Merrill, A. L. (1950).Composition of Foods-Raw, Processed, Prepared. United States Department of Agriculture Handbook No. 8, Washington.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter D. Dwyer
    • 1
  1. 1.Zoology DepartmentUniversity of QueenslandSt. LuciaAustralia

Personalised recommendations