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Application of general circulation models to the study of stratospheric ozone

Summary

Observations of the ozone distribution indicate that modifications are required to the photochemical theory. These modifications involve ozone destruction by hydrogen and nitrogen products and ozone transport (both vertical and horizontal) due to atmospheric motions in the stratosphere. If the photochemical terms in the ozone continuity equation are omitted, changes due to atmospheric transport alone can be evaluated.

Numerical computations were made of the three-dimensional wind structure as derived from the 12-layer (0–36 km) General Circulation Model developed by NCAR. The results showed that ozone is transported from the equatorial stratosphere poleward and downward in both hemispheres. The horizontal transport is primarily by the Hadley Cell in the tropics and by large-scale eddies in mid and high latitudes. The dominant mechanism for ozone transport are found to be similar to those derived for the horizontal heat and momentum transport found in other general circulation studies.

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London, J., Park, J. Application of general circulation models to the study of stratospheric ozone. PAGEOPH 106, 1611–1617 (1973). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00881110

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Keywords

  • Ozone
  • General Circulation Model
  • Stratospheric Ozone
  • Hadley Cell
  • Eddy Flux