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pure and applied geophysics

, Volume 135, Issue 2, pp 261–359 | Cite as

Intraplate seismicity of the Pacific Basin, 1913–1988

  • Michael E. Wysession
  • Emile A. Okal
  • Kristin L. Miller
Article

Abstract

We establish here a comprehensive database of intraplate seismicity in the Pacific Basin. Relocation and analysis of 894 earthquakes yield 403 reliable intraplate earthquakes during 1913–1988. These numbers do not include earthquake swarms, which account for another 838 events. Most of the remainder (304 events) are actually plate boundary earthquakes that have been erroneously located in intraplate regions. A significant number occur in recent years when location capabilities should have guarded against this situation. Relocations involve a careful linear inversion ofP andS arrivals, accompanied by a Monte Carlo statistical analysis. We have also attentively removed the high number of clerical errors and nuclear tests that exist in epicenter bulletins.

A geographical examination of the relocated epicenters reveals several striking features. There are three NW-SE lineaments north of the Fiji Plateau and in Micronesia; diffuse seismicity and incompatible focal mechanisms argue against the southernmost, discussed byOkalet al. (1986) andKroenke andWalker (1986), as the simple relocation of the Solomon trench to the North. Besides another striking lineament, along the 130°W meridian, there is also a strong correlation between seismicity and bathymetry in certain parts of the Basin. In the Eastcentral Pacific and Nazca plates there are many epicenters on fracture zones and fossil spreading ridges, and hot spot traces like the Louisville, Nazca and Cocos Ridges also display seismicity.

Key words

Intraplate seismicity Pacific Basin historical earthquakes 

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael E. Wysession
    • 1
  • Emile A. Okal
    • 1
  • Kristin L. Miller
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geological SciencesNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA
  2. 2.Department of MathematicsWheaton CollegeWheatonUSA

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