Advertisement

Annals of sex research

, Volume 1, Issue 3, pp 401–415 | Cite as

Neuropsychological impairment in incest offenders

  • R. Langevin
  • G. Wortzman
  • R. Dickey
  • P. Wright
  • L. Handy
Article

Abstract

Ninety-one incest perpetrators were compared to 36 nonviolent nonsex offenders for the presence of neuropsychological impairment. The WAIS-R, Halstead-Reitan battery, and CT scans of the brain were used. The sex offenders were also examined for the presence of substance abuse, violence, pedophilia, and biological relationship to the victim. Incest offenders had significantly lower IQ scores than controls but generally were within normal limits. One in eight incest offenders was neuropsychologically impaired on the Reitan battery and one in four showed some CT abnormality, usually in the temporal lobe areas. Incest and offender control groups, however, did not differ significantly in this respect. Neuropsychological impairment among incest offenders was associated with violence and nonbiological relationship to the victim but not with substance abuse or pedophilia. Overall, 3 in 10 incest offenders showed some neuropsychological finding. Results suggest that neuropsychological assessment of incest offenders clinically is worthwhile.

Keywords

Substance Abuse Temporal Lobe Neuropsychological Assessment Biological Relationship Neuropsychological Impairment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Blumer, D. (1970). Changes of sexual behavior related to temporal lobe disorders in man.Journal of Sex Research, 6, 173–180.Google Scholar
  2. Cummings, J.L. (1985).Clinical neuropsychiatry. NY: Grune & Stratton Co.Google Scholar
  3. Freund, K., McKnight, C.K., Langevin, R., & Cibiri, S. (1972). The female child as a surrogate object.Archives of Sexual Behavior, 2, 119–133.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Hucker, S., Langevin, R., Wortzman, G., Bain, J., Handy, L., Chambers, J., & Wright, S. (1986). Neuropsychological impairment in pedophiles.Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 18, 440–448.Google Scholar
  5. Hucker, S., Langevin, R., Wortzman, G., Dickey, R., Bain, J., Handy, L., Chambers, J., & Wright, S. (1988). Cerebral damage and dysfunction in sexually aggressive men.Annals of Sex Research, 1, 33–47.Google Scholar
  6. Kolarsky, A., Freund, K., Machek, J., & Polak, O. (1967). Male sexual deviation: Association with early temporal lobe damage.Archives of General Psychiatry, 17, 735–743.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Langevin, R. (1983).Sexual strands: understanding and treating sexual anomalies in men. Hillsdale New Jersey: L. Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  8. Langevin, R. (1988).Sexual preference testing: a brief guide. Toronto: Juniper Press.Google Scholar
  9. Langevin, R., Bain, J., Ben-Aron, M.H., Coulthard, R., Day, D. Handy, l., Heasman, G., Hucker, S.J., Purins, J.E., Roper, V., Russon, A.E., Webster, C.D., Wortzman, G. (1985). Sexual aggression: constructing a predictive equation. A controlled pilot study. In Langevin, R. (Ed.)Erotic preference gender identity, and aggression in men: new research studies. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  10. Langevin, R., Bain, G., Wortzman, G., Hucker, S., Dickery, & Wright, P. (1988).Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 528., 163–171.Google Scholar
  11. Langevin, R., Ben-Aron, M., Wortzman, G., Dickey, R., Handy, L. (1987). Brain damage, diagnosis, and substance abuse among violent offenders.Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 5 77–94.Google Scholar
  12. Langevin, R., Day, D., Handy, L., Russon, A.E., (1985). Are incestuous fathers pedophilic, aggressive, and alcoholic? In, Langevin, R. (Ed.)Erotic preference gender identity, and aggression in men: new research studies. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  13. Langevin, R., Hucker, S.J., Handy, L., Purins, J.E., Russon, A.E. (1985) Erotic preference and aggression in pedophilia: a comparison of Heterosexual, homosexual and bisexual types. In Langevin, R. (Ed.)Erotic preference gender identity, and aggression in men: new research studies. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  14. Purins, J.E., & Langevin, R. (1985). Brain correlates of penile erection. In Langevin, R. (Ed.)Erotic preference gender identity, and aggression in men: new research studies. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  15. Reitan, R.M. (1979).Manual for administration of neuropsychological test battery for adults & children. Tucson, AZ: Neuropsychology Laboratory.Google Scholar
  16. Scott, M.L., Cole, L.K., McKay, S.E., Golden, C.J., & Liggett, K.R. (1984). Neuropsychological performance of sexual assaulters and pedophiles.Journal of Forensic Sciences, 29 1114–1118.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Selzer, M. (1971). The Michigan Alcholoism Screening Test: The quest for a new diagnostic instrument.American Journal of Psychiatry, 127 1653–1658.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Skinner, H.A. (1982). Drug Use Questionnaire (DAST-20). Addiction Research Foundation. TorontoGoogle Scholar
  19. Wechsler, D. (1981).Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale — Revised. New York: Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Juniper Press 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Langevin
    • 1
  • G. Wortzman
    • 2
  • R. Dickey
    • 3
  • P. Wright
    • 3
  • L. Handy
    • 3
  1. 1.Clarke Institute of PsychiatryToronto
  2. 2.Mount Sinai HospitalToronto
  3. 3.Clarke Institute of PsychiatryToronto

Personalised recommendations