pure and applied geophysics

, Volume 138, Issue 3, pp 353–390 | Cite as

Multiple scattering ofSH waves in 2-D media with many cavities

  • Rafael Benites
  • Keiiti Aki
  • Kiyoshi Yomogida
Article

Abstract

The full waveform synthetic seismogram of multiple scatteredSH waves by many cylindrical cavities in two-dimensional homogeneous elastic media is computed. We used the so-called “single-layer potential” integral representation of the scattered field and a discretization scheme with line source distribution for each cavity. The total field is the sum of the incident wave plus the field radiated from all sources, each multiplied by an unknown complex constant representing its strength. These constants are determined by imposing the appropriate boundary conditions in the least-squares sense. Here we solve scattering problems involving one, two, four, twelve and fifty cavities regularly distributed in a half-space. The seismograms computed along the free-surface show regions where the incident wave is strongly attenuated, as well as the arrivals of all multiple scattered phases. The accuray of the method is estimated from the degree of agreement of our solution for one cavity with the corresponding analytical solution, and also from the magnitude of the residual tractions along the boundaries of two cavities separated at various distances. Finally we apply the method to compute the case of fifty cylindrical cavities, each of radiusa, randomly distributed in a region 80a wide by 30a deep in a half-space. The value of scattering loss is obtained from the amplitude decay of the primary wave with distance for wavelengths in the range from 1.7a to 13.3a, using the synthetic seismogram calculated for the same distribution of 50 cavities as above, but in full-space.

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rafael Benites
    • 1
  • Keiiti Aki
    • 1
  • Kiyoshi Yomogida
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geological SciencesUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of HiroshimaHigashi-HiroshimaJapan
  3. 3.Institute of Geological and Nuclear SciencesWellingtonZew Zealand

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