Advertisement

pure and applied geophysics

, Volume 129, Issue 3–4, pp 571–596 | Cite as

Geotomographic imaging in the study of mining induced seismicity

  • R. P. Young
  • D. A. Hutchins
  • J. McGaughey
  • J. Towers
  • D. Jansen
  • M. Bostock
Article

Abstract

Geotomographic imaging is a technique which allows seismic waves to be used to gain information about the internal structure of rock masses, in a way conceptually similar to medical CAT scanning. Traditional approaches to the study of mining-induced seismic phenomena have concentrated on using passive monitoring methods. This paper gives an overview of the developments in the acquisition, processing and interpretation of geotomographic data and outlines how images can be used in conjunction with passive techniques to study mining-induced seismicity.

Key words

Mining-induced seismicity passive monitoring method geotomographic imaging 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anderson, D. L. andDziewonski, A. M. (1984),Seismic tomography. Scientific American251, 60–68.Google Scholar
  2. Cosma, C. (1983),Determination of rock mass quality by the crosshole seismic method. Bull. Int. Ass. Eng. Geol., 26–27.Google Scholar
  3. Dines, K. A. andLytle, R. J. (1979),Computerized geophysical tomography. Proc. IEEE67, 1065–1073.Google Scholar
  4. Gustavsson, M., Israelson, I., Ivansson, S., Moren, P., andPihl, J. (1982),A seismic crosshole experiment in crystalline rock. Proc. Workshop on Geophysical Investigations in Connection with Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste, Ottawa, Nuclear Energy Agency.Google Scholar
  5. Herman, G. T.,Image Reconstruction: The Fundamentals of Computerized Tomography (Academic Press, San Francisco 1980).Google Scholar
  6. Kormendi, A., Bodosky, T., Hermann, L., Dianiska, L., andKalman, T. (1986),Seismic measurements for safety in mines. Geophys. Prosp.34, 1022–1037.Google Scholar
  7. Mason, I. M. (1981),Algebraic reconstruction of a 2-D velocity inhomogeneity in the High Hazles seam of Thoresby colliery. Geophysics46, 298–308.Google Scholar
  8. McMechan, G. A. (1983),Seismic tomography in boreholes. Geophys. J. R. Astr. Soc.74, 601–612.Google Scholar
  9. New, B. M. (1987),An example of tomographic and Fourier microcomputer processing of seismic records Quart. J. Eng. Geol.18, 335–345.Google Scholar
  10. Peterson, J. E., Paullson, B. N. P., andMcEvilly, T. V. (1985),Applications of algebraic reconstruction techniques to crosshole seismic data. Geophysics50, 1556–1580.Google Scholar
  11. Spencer, C. andGubbins, D. (1980),Travel-time inversion for simultaneous earthquake location and velocity structure determination in laterally varying media. Geophys. J. R. Astr. Soc.63, 95–116.Google Scholar
  12. Wong J., Hurley, P., andWest, G. F. (1983),Crosshole seismology and seismic imaging in crystalline rocks. Geophys. Res. Lett.10, 686–689.Google Scholar
  13. Wong, J., Hurley, P., andWest, G. F. (1984),Crosshole audio-frequency seismology in granitic rocks using piezoelectric transducers as sources and detectors. Geoexploration22, 261–279.Google Scholar
  14. Young, R. P. andHutchins, D. A. (1986),Rockburst studies using geotomographic imaging and acoustic/microseismic emission for improved source location, Journal of Acoustic Emission5 (3), 34–39.Google Scholar
  15. Young, R. P., Hutchins, D. A., Bostock, M., andMottahed, P. (1987a),Geotomographic imaging of callapse/solution structures in potash mines using seismic methods, Proc. 28th US Rock Mechanics Symposium, 19–27.Google Scholar
  16. Young, R. P., Hutchins, D. A., McGaughey, W. J., Urbancic, T., Falls, S., andTowers, J., (1987b),Concurrent seismic tomographic imaging and acoustic emission techniques: A new approach to rockburst investigations Proc. 6th ISRM Int. Congress on Rock Mechanics, Montreal.Google Scholar
  17. Young R. P., Hutchins, D. A., Talebi, S., Chow, T., Falls, S., Farrell, L., Jansen, D., McGaughey, W. J., Towers, J., andUrbancic, T. (1987c),Laboratory and field investigations of rockburst phenomena using concurrent geotomographic imaging and acoustic emission/microseismic techniques, Proc. Int. Workshop on Mining Induced Seismicity, Monitoring and Interpretation Techniques, 6th ISRM Int. Congress on Rock Mechanics, Montreal.Google Scholar
  18. Young, R. P., Talebi, S., Hutchins, D. A., andUrbancic, T. I. (1989),Source mechanism studies of mining-induced microseismic events at Strathcona Mine, Sudbury, Canada. Special issue of Pure and Applied Geophysics on Mining Induced Seismicity, PAGEOPH,129, 3/4, 325–343Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. P. Young
    • 1
  • D. A. Hutchins
    • 2
  • J. McGaughey
    • 1
  • J. Towers
    • 1
  • D. Jansen
    • 2
  • M. Bostock
    • 1
  1. 1.Engineering Seismology and Rock Physics Research Group, Department of Geological SciencesQueen's UniversityKingstonCanada
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsQueen's UniversityKingstonCanada

Personalised recommendations