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Laboratory experiments of tsunami runup on a circular island

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Laboratory experiments of a 7.2-m-diameter conical island were conducted to study three-dimensional tsunami runup. The 62.5-cm tall island had 1 on 4 side slopes and was positioned in the center of a 30-m-wide by 25-m-long flat-bottom basin. Solitary waves with height-to-depth ratios ranging from 0.05 to 0.20 and “source” lengths ranging from 0.30 to 7.14 island diameters were tested in water depths of 32 and 42 cm. Twenty-seven capacitance wave gages were used to measure surface wave elevations at incident and four radial transects on the island slope. Maximum vertical runup measurements were made at 20 locations around the perimeter of the island using rod and transit. A new runup gage was located on the back or lee side of the island to record runup time series.

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Briggs, M.J., Synolakis, C.E., Harkins, G.S. et al. Laboratory experiments of tsunami runup on a circular island. PAGEOPH 144, 569–593 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00874384

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Key words

  • Tsunamis
  • tsunami runup
  • laboratory experiments
  • physical models
  • three-dimensional models
  • tsunami simulation
  • solitary waves
  • wavemakers
  • tsunami evolution
  • instrumentation