Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 53, Issue 4, pp 245–252 | Cite as

Analysis of recent climatic changes in the Arabian Peninsula region

  • H. A. Nasrallah
  • R. C. BallingJr.
Article

Summary

Interest in the potential climatic consequences of the continued buildup of anthropo-generated greenhouse gases has led many scientists to conduct extensive climate change studies at the global, hemispheric, and regional scales. In this investigation, analyses are conducted on long-term historical climate records from the Arabian Peninsula region. Over the last 100 years, temperatures in the region increased linearly by 0.63 °C. However, virtually all of this warming occurred from 1911–1935, and over the most recent 50 years, the Arabian Peninsula region has cooled slightly. In addition, the satellite-based measurements of lower-tropospheric temperatures for the region do not show any statistically significant warming over the period 1979–1991. While many other areas of the world are showing a decrease in the diurnal temperature range, the Arabian Peninsula region reveals no evidence of a long-term change in this parameter. Precipitation records for the region show a slight, statistically insignificant decrease over the past 40 years. The results from this study should complement the mass of information that has resulted from similar regional climate studies conducted in the United States, Europe, and Australia.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. A. Nasrallah
    • 1
  • R. C. BallingJr.
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Health Sciences, Department of Environmental SciencesPublic Authority for Applied Education and TrainingKuwait
  2. 2.Office of Climatology and Department of GeographyArizona State UniversityTempeUSA

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