Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 217–224

All-India monthly and seasonal rainfall series: 1871–1993

  • B. Parthasarathy
  • A. A. Munot
  • D. R. Kothawale
Article

Summary

The Indian rainfall has often been used as a proxy data for the Asian monsoon as a whole for understanding the energy budget of the major circulation features and also used as an input parameter in estimating the other regional parameters. In view of this, a long homogeneous rainfall series of All-India (India taken as one unit) has been prepared based on a fixed and well distributed network of 306 raingauge stations over India by giving proper area-weightage. This paper contains a listing of All-India monthly, seasonal and annual homogeneous data series for the period 1871–1993. Some statistical details and long-term changes of the All-India monsoon rainfall have been discussed.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alvi, S. M. A., Koteswaram, P., 1985: Time series analysis of annual rainfall over India.Mausam 36, 479–490.Google Scholar
  2. Chowdhury, A., Mhasawade, S. V., 1991: Variations in Meteorological floods during summer monsoon over India.Mausam 42, 167–170.Google Scholar
  3. Drosdowsky, W., 1990: A simple index of the second POP component of Southern Oscillation.Trop. Ocean-Atmos. Newsl. (TOAN) 54, 13–15.Google Scholar
  4. Gregory, S., 1989: Macro-Regional definition and characteristics of Indian summer monsoon rainfall: 1871–1985.Int. J. Climatol. 9, 465–483.Google Scholar
  5. Hastenrath, S., 1991:Climate Dynamics of the Tropics. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publications.Google Scholar
  6. Joseph, P. V., Liebman, B., Hendon, H. H., 1991: Interannual variability of the Australian summer monsoon onset: Possible influence of Indian summer monsoon and El Nino.J. Climate 4, 529–538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kiladis, G. N., Sinha, S. K., 1991: ENSO, monsoon and droughts in India. In: Glantz, M. H., Kalz, R. W., Nicholls, N. (eds.)Teleconnections Linking Worldwide Climate Anomalies — Scientific Basis and Social Impact. New York: Cambridge University Press, Chapter 14, pp. 431–458.Google Scholar
  8. Mooley, D. A., Parthasarathy, B., 1979: Poisson distribution and years of bad monsoon over India.Arch. Met. Geophys. Biokl. Ser. B 27, 381–388.Google Scholar
  9. Mooley, D. A., Parthasarathy, B., 1984: Fluctuations in All-India summer monsoon rainfall during 1871–1978.Climatic Change 6, 287–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mooley, D. A., Shukla, J., 1987: Variability and forecasting of the summer monsoon rainfall over India. In: Chang, C. P., Krishnamurti, T. N. (eds.)Monsoon Meteorology. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 26–58.Google Scholar
  11. Pant, G. B.., Rupa Kumar, K., Parthasarathy, B., Borgaonkar, H. P., 1988: Long-term variability of the Indian summer monsoon and related parameters.Adv. Atmos. Sci. 5, 469–481.Google Scholar
  12. Parthasarathy, B., 1984:Some Aspects of Large-Scale Fluctuations in the Summer Monsoon Rainfall over India During 1871 to 1978. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Poona, Pune, p. 370.Google Scholar
  13. Parthasarathy, B., Dhar, O. N., 1976: A study of trends and periodicities in the seasonal and annual rainfall of India.Indian J. Meteorol. Hydrol. Geophys. 27, 23–28.Google Scholar
  14. Parthasarathy, B., Mooley, D. A., 1978: Some features of a long homogeneous series of Indian summer monsoon rainfall.Mon. Wea. Rev. 106, 771–781.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Parthasarathy, B., Rupa Kumar, K., Munot, A. A., 1991: Evidence of secular variations in Indian monsoon rainfallcirculation relationships.J. Climate 4, 927–938.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Parthasarathy, B., Rupa Kumar, K., Kothawale, D. R., 1992a: Indian summer monsoon rainfall indices: 1871–1990.Meteorol. Mag. 121, 174–186.Google Scholar
  17. Parthasarathy, B., Rupa Kumar, K., Munot, A. A., 1992b: Forecasting of rainy-season foodgrain production based on monsoon rainfall.Indian J. Agric. 62, 1–8.Google Scholar
  18. Parthasarathy, B., Sontakke, N. A., Mount, A. A., Kothawale, D. R., 1987: Droughts/floods in the summer monsoon season over different meteorological subdivisions of India for the period 1871–1984.J. Climatol. 7, 57–70.Google Scholar
  19. Parthasarathy, B., Sontakke, N. A., Munot, A. A., Kothawale, D. R., 1990: Vagaries of Indian monsoon rainfall and its relationships with regional/global circulations.Mausam 41, 301–308.Google Scholar
  20. Rasmusson, E. M., Arkin, P. A., 1993: A global view of large-scale precipitation variability.J. Climate 6, 1495–1522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sarker, R. P., Thapliyal, V., 1988: Climatic changes and variability.Mausam 39, 127–138.Google Scholar
  22. Shukla, J., 1987: Interannual variability of monsoons. In: Fein, J. S., Stephens, P. L. (eds.)Monsoons. Wigley and Sons, New York. Chapter 14, pp. 399–464.Google Scholar
  23. Sontakke, N. A., Pant, G. B., Nityanand Singh, 1992: Construction and analysis of All-India summer monsoon rainfall series for the longest instrumental period: 1813–1991.Indian Inst. Trop. Meteorol., Research Report No. RR-053, 1–22.Google Scholar
  24. Sontakke, N. A., Pant, G. B., Nityanand Singh, 1993: Construction of an All-India summer monsoon rainfall for the period 1846–1990.J. Climate 6, 1807–1811.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Srivastava, H. N., Dewan, B. N., Dikshit, S. K., Prakash Rao, G. S., Singh, S. S., Rao, K. R., 1992: Decadal trends in climate over India.Mausam 43, 7–20.Google Scholar
  26. Subbaramayya, I., Naidu, C. V., 1992: Spatial variations and trends in the Indian summer rainfall.Int. J. Climatol. 12, 597–609.Google Scholar
  27. Subramanian, S. K., Palande, S. V., Dewan, B. N., Dikshit, S. K., Lawrance J., 1992: Trends and periodicities in sub-divisional rainfall.Mausam,43, 77–86.Google Scholar
  28. Thapliyal, V., 1990: Large-scale prediction of summer monsoon rainfall over India: Evolution and development of new models.Mausam 41, 339–346.Google Scholar
  29. Thapliyal, V., Kulshrestha, S. M., 1991: Climate changes and trends over India.Mausam 42, 333–338.Google Scholar
  30. Tyson, P. D., Dyer, T. G. J., Mametse, M. N., 1975: Secular changes in south African rainfall: 1880 to 1972.Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 101, 817–833.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Yasunari, T., 1991: The monsoon year — A new concept of the climatic year in the tropics.Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 72, 1331–1338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Parthasarathy
    • 1
  • A. A. Munot
    • 1
  • D. R. Kothawale
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian Institute of Tropical MeteorologyPuneIndia

Personalised recommendations