Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp 93–97 | Cite as

A note on the air temperature trends of the last 100 years as evidenced in the eastern Mediterranean time series

  • C. C. Repapis
  • C. M. Philandras


The present paper is a preliminary study of the long term temperature trends in the eastern Mediterranean area. The air temperature time series of the following stations were investigated: Cairo, Alexandria, Jerusalem, Beirut, Nicosia, Athens, Kerkyra, Catania and Rome. For this group of stations the air temperature trends for about the last 100 years are examined and are compared with the corresponding time series of the land surface air temperature, the sea surface temperature (SST) and the marine air temperature (NMAT) for the northern hemisphere (NH). A better agreement was found between the time series of the eastern Mediterranean region and the SSTs and NMATs, than with the NH air temperature (land surface). The coincidence of the 1900s minimum of eastern Mediterranean air temperature and the SSTs and NMATs especially merits further investigation.


Die vorliegende Arbeit präsentiert eine vorläufige Studie der langzeitlichen Temperaturtrends im östlichen Mittelmeerraum. Lufttemperaturzeitserien der folgenden Stationen wurden hierzu untersucht: Kairo, Alexandria, Jerusalem, Beirut, Nikosia, Athen, Kerkyra, Catania und Rom. Anhand der Daten der genannten Stationen wurden die Lufttemperaturtrends über einen Zeitraum von etwa 100 Jahren untersucht und mit den entsprechenden Zeitserien der Landoberflächenlufttemperatur, der Meeresoberflächentemperatur (SST) und der nächtlichen Seelufttemperatur (NMAT) der nördlichen Hemisphäre verglichen.

Hierbei konnte größere Übereinstimmung der Lufttemperaturtrends zwischen Zeitserien des östlichen Mittelmeerraums und den Meeresoberflächentemperaturen, bzw. den nächtlichen Seelufttemperaturen festgestellt werden als zwischen den Zeitserien dieser Region mit den Zeitserien der Landoberflächenlufttemperatur der nördlichen Hemisphäre. Die Übereinstimmung des 1900-Minimums der Lufttemperaturtrends des östlichen Mittelmeerraums und den SST- und NMAT-Trends verdient hierbei besondere Aufmerksamkeit und weitere Untersuchungen.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. C. Repapis
    • 1
  • C. M. Philandras
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Centre for Atmospheric Physics and ClimatologyAcademy of AthensAthensGreece

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