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Glomerular lesions in adolescents with gross hematuria or the nephrotic syndrome

Report of the Southwest Pediatric Nephrology Study Group

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We report clinical and pathological data in 56 adolescents presenting with gross hematuria (GH) and 65 presenting with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS). IgA nephropathy (present in 52%) and other mesangial lesions were found in the majority of the 56 patients with GH. Many of these patients had complex urological procedures prior to consideration of a nephrological problem. This often led to significant delays in making the appropriate diagnosis. Pathological lesions in the 65 patients with INS included minimal change NS (MCNS) in 31%, membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) in 18.5% each, and membranoproliferative GN (MPGN) in 12%. In 47 of the patients with INS, in whom no specific treatment had been given prior to renal biopsy, MCNS and MGN were observed with a similar frequency (26% and 23%, respectively), with FSGS and MPGN being found in 21% and 11%. These results indicate that the pathological lesions in adolescents with INS who undergo a renal biopsy more closely resemble those in adults, and are usually more severe than those in young children. However, it should be noted that our study was retrospective. Hence, there were probably some adolescents with INS who had a successful response to therapy and therefore did not have a renal biopsy performed.

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Correspondence to Ronald J. Hogg.

Additional information

Southwest Pediatric Nephrology Study Group (Central Office, Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas, Tex., USA). Director, Ronald J. Hogg; Associate Directors, Fred G. Silva and F. Bruder Stapleton; Statistician, Joan S. Reisch; Administrative Assistant, Kaye Green. Participating Centers—Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Tex.: Phillip L. Berry, L. Leighton Hill, Sami A, Sanjad, Edith Hawkins; Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Tex.: Ronald J. Hogg, Kaye Green; Tulane University Medical Center, New Orleans, La.: Frank Boineau, John E. Lewy, Radhakrishna Baliga, Patrick Walker; University of Arkansas, Little Rock, Ark.: Watson Arnold, Eileen Ellis, Edward Uthman; University of Colorado Health Science Center, Denver, Colo.: Gary M. Lum, Wiliam Hammond; University of Oklahoma Medical Center, Oklahoma City, Okla.: James Wenzl, James Matson, Geoffrey Altshuler, Sarah Johnson; University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tenn.: F. Bruder Stapleton, Shane Roy, III, Robert J. Wyatt, Charles McKay, William Murphy; University of Texas Health Science Center at Dallas, Tex.: Billy S. Arant Jr, Michel Baum, Fred G. Silva, Arthur Weinberg, Craig Argyle, Joseph Rutledge, Ed Eigenbrodt; University of Texas Medical School, Houston, Tex.: Susan B. Conley, Jacques Lemine, Ron Portman, Ann Ince, Regina Verani; University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Tex.: Michael Foulds, Sudesh Makker, Kanwal Kher, Melanie Sweet, Victor Saldivar, Fermin Tio; University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Tex.: Ben H. Brouhard, Alok Kalia, Luther B. Travis, Lisa Hollander, Tito Cavallo, Srinivasan Rajaraman; University of Utah Medical Center, Salt Lake City; Utah: Eileen Brewer, Richard Siegler, Elizabeth Hammond, Theodore Pysher.

Note that this list reflects the investigators' addresses and positions during the period of this study and not necessarily their current situations.

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Hogg, R.J., Silva, F.G., Berry, P.L. et al. Glomerular lesions in adolescents with gross hematuria or the nephrotic syndrome. Pediatr Nephrol 7, 27–31 (1993).

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Key words

  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Adolescents
  • Gross hematuria
  • IgA nephropathy