1-Propanol and 1-butanol are carbonylated with CO in the presence of CuCl2 to give dialkyl carbonates at <100° and alkyl formates at >100°; at >100° the carbonylation is accompanied by dehydration and hydrochlorination reactions.
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B. K. Nefedov, N. S. Sergeeva, and Ya. T. Éidus, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Khim.,1973, 562.
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Translated from Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR, Seriya Khimicheskaya, No. 4, pp. 804–806, April, 1973.
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Nefedov, B.K., Sergeeva, N.S. & Éidus, Y.T. Carbonylation reactions. Russ Chem Bull 22, 781–783 (1973). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00857049
- Carbonylation Reaction
- Dialkyl Carbonate