Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Buildup of failures in polymers on micro- and macrolevels

  • 16 Accesses


The buildup of damage in polymers has been studied by mechanical and structural—analytical methods. A method of programmed loading has been developed which makes it possible to make an estimate of damage buildup in macroscopic experiments. A comparison has been performed of kinetic curves of failure buildup on molecular and macroscopic levels. It is shown that the kinetic equations where the rate of failure is basically initiated by true stress qualitatively follow the experimental curves for failure buildup on micro- and macrolevels.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Literature cited

  1. 1.

    A. K. Malmeister, V. P. Tamuzh, and G. A. Teters, The Resistance of Stiff Composite Materials [in Russian], 2nd ed., Riga (1972).

  2. 2.

    S. N. Zhurkov, V. A. Zakrevskii, V. E. Korsukov, and V. S. Kuksenko, "The mechanism of the origin of submicrocracks in polymers under load," Fiz. Tverd. Tela,13, No. 7, 2004–2013 (1971).

  3. 3.

    A. Ya. Gol'dman, V. V. Matveev, and V. V. Scherbak, "A study of crack growth in some polymers under creep conditions in air and in a liquid medium," Fiz.-Khim. Mekh. Mater., No. 2, 28–33 (1972).

  4. 4.

    A. Ya. Gol'dman, M. A. Martynov, and P. A. Il'chenko, "Buildup of submicroscopic breaks in polymers on one-time loading," Mekh. Polim., No. 3, 519–524 (1972).

  5. 5.

    V. A. Zakrevskii and V. E. Korsukov, "Investigation of the chain mechanism of mechanical destruction of polyethylene," Vysokomolek. Soedin., Ser. A,14, No. 4, 955–960 (1972).

  6. 6.

    A. L. Gol'denberg, L. N. Pirozhnaya, G. S. Popova, and L. I. Tarutina, "Use of infrared absorption spectra in investigation of the polymer aging question," in: Molecular Spectroscopy [in Russian], Leningrad (1960), pp. 131–144.

  7. 7.

    A. Ya. Gol'dman, V. V. Shcherbak, and S. Ya. Khaikin, "The equivalent extent of damage hypothesis in investigation of the long-term strength of polymers at various temperatures," Probl. Prochn., No. 7, 85–86 (1975).

  8. 8.

    A. Ya. Gol'dman, V. V. Matveev, and V. V. Shcherbak, "Features in crack propagation under creep conditions of polyethylene in air or in a liquid medium," Fiz.-Khim. Mekh. Mater., No. 5, 65–69 (1972).

  9. 9.

    H. Oberst and W. Retting, "Influence of molecular relaxation processes on mechanical behavior of the materials," J. Macromolec. Sci., Phys.,5, No. 3, 576–590 (1971).

  10. 10.

    Yu. G. Korabel'nikov and A. S. Freidin, "The kinetics of crack growth in polymethyl methacrylate under various conditions of static extension," Mekh. Polim., No. 5, 904–911 (1971).

  11. 11.

    V. P. Tamuzh, "One way of constructing a theory of long-term failure," Probl. Prochn., No. 2, 59–64 (1971).

  12. 12.

    V. P. Tamuzh and P. V. Tikhomirov, "Calculation of lifetime with consideration of the statistical distribution of overstresses on bonds," Mekh. Polim., No. 2, 227–231 (1973).

Download references

Additional information

"Plastpolimer" Scientific-Manufacturing Association, Leningrad. Translated from Mekhanika Polimerov, No. 2, pp. 263–268, March–April, 1976.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Gol'dman, A.Y., Khaikin, S.Y. Buildup of failures in polymers on micro- and macrolevels. Polymer Mechanics 12, 227–231 (1976). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00856457

Download citation


  • Polymer
  • Kinetic Equation
  • Experimental Curve
  • Kinetic Curf
  • True Stress