Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 3–14 | Cite as

Social health and the forgiving heart: The Type B story

  • Berton H. Kaplan


The evolution of the Type A hypothesis is well documented. The protective corresponding Type B construct has not evolved similarly. Using experiences from Friedman's Recurrent Coronary Prevention Project, on a speculative basis, four neglected protective processes are examined: uniqueness/self-esteem/autonomy, forgiveness, sociability, and “causal” wisdom attributions. A more integrative set of questions is proposed to expand our knowledge of adaptive fitness and success.

Key words

Type B coronary heart disease social health the forgiving heart 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Berton H. Kaplan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology, School of Public HealthUniversity of North CarolinaChapel Hill

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