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Catalytic hydrocondensation of carbon monoxide with olefins and their hydropolymerization under the action of carbon monoxide and hydrogen Communication 39. Activity of catalysts based on rhodium

Summary

  1. 1.

    The possibility of using rhodium as the basis of a catalyst for the hydrocondensation of carbon monoxide with olefins and their hydropolymerization under the action of CO and H2 was investigated, using ethylene as an example

  2. 2.

    The hydrocondensation of CO with ethylene over a Rh-clay catalyst proceeds with a maximum yield of 70% of the reacted ethylene (280 ml/m3 of initial gas) at 150° and 30 atm. Ethylene does not polymerize over this catalyst at 150–250° and 1–30 atm.

  3. 3.

    The liquid products of the hydrocondensation of ethylene with CO and H2 represent a complex mixture of oxygen-containing organic compounds, with a predominance of aldehydes (propionaldehyde and 2-methylpentene-2-al-l) and alcohols (propanol-1).

  4. 4.

    The hydrogenation of carbon monoxide with oxygen over Rh catalysts at 1–50 atm and 250–300° proceeds with the predominant formation of methane. Pt and Pd catalysts were inactive.

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Additional information

Translated from Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR, Seriya Khimisheskaya, No. 7, pp. 1160–1169, July, 1965

The spectral analysis was conducted by L. A. Leites, for which the authors would like to thank him.

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Eidus, Y.T., Nefedov, B.K., Besprozvannyi, M.A. et al. Catalytic hydrocondensation of carbon monoxide with olefins and their hydropolymerization under the action of carbon monoxide and hydrogen Communication 39. Activity of catalysts based on rhodium. Russ Chem Bull 14, 1129–1135 (1965). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00847881

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Keywords

  • Oxygen
  • Hydrogen
  • Alcohol
  • Ethylene
  • Methane