The possibility of using rhodium as the basis of a catalyst for the hydrocondensation of carbon monoxide with olefins and their hydropolymerization under the action of CO and H2 was investigated, using ethylene as an example
The hydrocondensation of CO with ethylene over a Rh-clay catalyst proceeds with a maximum yield of 70% of the reacted ethylene (280 ml/m3 of initial gas) at 150° and 30 atm. Ethylene does not polymerize over this catalyst at 150–250° and 1–30 atm.
The liquid products of the hydrocondensation of ethylene with CO and H2 represent a complex mixture of oxygen-containing organic compounds, with a predominance of aldehydes (propionaldehyde and 2-methylpentene-2-al-l) and alcohols (propanol-1).
The hydrogenation of carbon monoxide with oxygen over Rh catalysts at 1–50 atm and 250–300° proceeds with the predominant formation of methane. Pt and Pd catalysts were inactive.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Ya. T. Eidus, K. V. Puzitskii, N. I. Ershov, and I. V. Guseva, Izv. AN SSSR, Otd, khim. n.,1959, 2213;1960, 120, 331, 913.
N. I. Ershov, Ya. T. Eidus, and V. R. Erokhina, Izv. AN SSSR, Otd. khim. n.,1962, 911.
Ya. T. Eidus, N. I. Ershov, and I. V. Guseva, Izv. AN SSSR, Otd. khim. n.,1959, 1465, 1649.
German Patent 293787 (1913); Chem. Zbl,1916, 2, 530.
F. Fischer, H. Tropsch, and P. Dilthey, Brennstoff-Chemie,6, 265 (1925).
E. F. Armstrong and T. P. Hilditch, Proc. Roy. Soc.,103A, 25 (1923).
B. Schenkel, Contribution a 1'etude du pouvoir catalitique du rhodium, Geneva (1922) (cited according to 8).
J. W. Mellor, A. Comprehensive Treatise on Inorganic and Theoretical Chemistry, London, New York, Toronto,15 (1936), p. 564.
H. Pichler, Brennstoff-Chemie,19, 226 (1938);21, 248 (1940).
U. S. Patent 2630014 (1953); Chern. Abstrs.,47, 6702 (1953).
British Patent 801734 (1958); Chem. Abstrs.,53, 7014 (1959); U. S. Patent 2894038 (1960); Chem. Abstrs.,54, 2216 (1960).
German Federated Republic Patent 953605 (1956); Chem. Abstrs.,53, 11226 (1959); N. S. Imyanitov and D. M. Rudkovskii, Neftekhimiya,3, 198 (1963).
K. V. Puzitskii, Ya. T. Eidus, and Yu. T. Khudyakov, Izv. AN SSSR, Otd. khim. n.,1959, 945.
N. D. Zelinskii and M. B. Turova-Polyak, Ber.,58, 1298 (1925); Collected Works [in Russian],3, Izd. AN SSSR, Moscow (1955), p. 271.
V. S. Johnson, R. D. Sherman, and R. A. Reed, Organic Reagents for Organic Analysis [Russian translation], IL, Moscow (1948).
Dictionary of Organic Compounds [Russian translation], IL, Moscow (1948).
W. F. Gresham, R. E. Brooks, and W. M. Brunner, U. S. Patent 2437600 (1948); Chem. Abstrs.,42, 4196 (1948); British Patent 614010 (1948); Chem. Abstrs.,43, 4685 (1949).
Translated from Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR, Seriya Khimisheskaya, No. 7, pp. 1160–1169, July, 1965
The spectral analysis was conducted by L. A. Leites, for which the authors would like to thank him.
About this article
Cite this article
Eidus, Y.T., Nefedov, B.K., Besprozvannyi, M.A. et al. Catalytic hydrocondensation of carbon monoxide with olefins and their hydropolymerization under the action of carbon monoxide and hydrogen Communication 39. Activity of catalysts based on rhodium. Russ Chem Bull 14, 1129–1135 (1965). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00847881