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Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 171–189 | Cite as

Harassment, hostility, and Type A as determinants of cardiovascular reactivity during competition

  • Eric L. Diamond
  • Neil Schneiderman
  • David Schwartz
  • John C. Smith
  • Ronald Vorp
  • Rosemary DeCarlo Pasin
Article

Abstract

Anger/hostility and Type A behavior have been implicated in elevated cardiovascular reactivity and disease. In the present experiment systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and heart rate (HR) were monitored during conditions of competition alone or in conjunction with goal blocking or harassment. Cardiovascular reactivity was examined as a function of conditions, Type A or B pattern, and various measures of anger/hostility. Harassment elicited significantly elevated SBP and HR changes relative to goal-blocking and control conditions. Type As reliably exceeded Type Bs in magnitude of SBP change during the harassment condition only. However, exploratory analyses correlating anger/hostility measures and cardiovascular reactivity indicated that only subjects scoring high on the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory showed significantly elevated SBP reactivity as a function of Type A behavior pattern, rated hostility during the A-B interview, or outward expression of anger assessed by the Framingham Anger-In vs Anger-Out Scale.

Key words

anger/hostility Type A harassment heart rate blood pressure 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric L. Diamond
    • 1
  • Neil Schneiderman
    • 2
  • David Schwartz
    • 2
  • John C. Smith
    • 2
  • Ronald Vorp
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rosemary DeCarlo Pasin
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.NHLBI trainee
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MiamiCoral Gables

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