Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Psychological and physiological predictors of lipids in black males

  • 47 Accesses

  • 21 Citations

Abstract

The association between lipids and both psychological and physiological measures were examined in this study of healthy black males. The results revealed that certain psychological measures, namely, State and Trait Curiosity and Trait Anger, explained a significant proportion of the variance in high-density lipoproteins (HDL), low-density lipoproteins (LDL), and triglycerides. Although psychological factors accounted for a significant proportion of the variance in lipids (29% for HDL, 25% for LDL, 64% for LDL/HDL, 29% for triglyceride), the amount of explained variance was significantly increased by the inclusion of both psychological and physiological variables in the regression equation. However, neither of the psychological variables explained any of the variance for total cholesterol when physiological variables were included in the regression analysis. The overall pattern of the findings suggests that black males who are at increased risk for elevated lipid levels may be identified by their level of mental vigilance, the frequency at which their anger is experienced, and the presence of other traditional risk factors.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Barefoot, J. C., Dahlstrom, W. S., and Williams, R. B. (1983). Hostility, CHD incidence, and total mortality: A 25-year follow-up study of 255 physicians.Psychosom. Med. 1983; 45: 59–63.

  2. Becker, G. L. (1987).Heart Smart, Fireside.

  3. Brod, J. (1963). Hemodynamic basis of acute pressor reactions and hypertension.Br. Heart J. 25: 227–245.

  4. Broman, C. L., and Johnson, E. H. (1988). Anger expression and life stress among blacks: Their role in physical health.JNMA 80: 1329–1334.

  5. Dembroski, T. M., MacDougall, J. M., Williams, R. B., Haney, T. L., and Blumenthal, J. A. (1985). Components of Type A behavior, hostility, and anger-in: Relationship to angiographic findings.Psychosom. Med. 47: 219–233.

  6. Dimsdale, J. E., and Herd, A. (1982). Variability of plasma lipids in response to emotional arousal.Psychosom. Med. 44: 413–430.

  7. Egan, B., and Julius, S. (1985). Vascular hypertrophy in borderline hypertension: Relationship to blood pressure and sympathetic drive.Clin. Exp. Hypertens. A 7: 242–255.

  8. Egan, B., Schork, N., Panis, R., and Hinderliter, A. (1988). Vascular structure enhances regional resistance responses in mild hypertension.J. Hypertens. 6: 41–48.

  9. Ekelund, L., Suchindran, C. M., Karon, J. M., McMahon, R. P., and Tyroler, H. A. (1990). Black-white differences in exercise blood pressure — The Lipid Research Clinics Program Prevalence study.Circulation 31: 1568–1574.

  10. Engel, G. L. (1971). Sudden and rapid death during psychological stress.Ann. Intern. Med. 74: 771–782.

  11. Friedwald, W. T., Levy, R. I., and Frederickson, D. S. (1972). Estimation of the concentration of LDL-C in plasma without the use of preparative ultracentrifuge.Clin. Chem. 18: 499–502.

  12. Gillum, R. F. (1984). Coronary heart disease in black populations. I. Mortality and morbidity.Am. Heart J. 104: 839–851.

  13. Gillum, R. F., and Gant, C. T. (1984). Coronary heart disease in black populations. II. Risk factors.Am. Heart J. 104: 852–860.

  14. Grier, W. H., and Cobb, P. M. (1969).Black Rage, Batham Books, New York.

  15. Grundy, S., and Winston, M. (1989).American Heart Association Low-Fat, Low-Cholesterol Cookbook, Times Books/Random House, New York.

  16. Health Resources Administration (1979). Health of the Disadvantaged. Public Health Service, DHHS publication No. (HR) 80-633, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

  17. Jenkins, C. D., Hames, C. G., and Zyzanski, S. J. (1969). Psychological traits and serum lipids.Psychosom. Med. 31: 115–128.

  18. Johnson, E. H., and Broman, C. L. (1987). The relationship of anger expression to health problems among black Americans in a national survey.J. Behav. Med. 10: 103–116.

  19. Johnson, E. H., Spielberger, C. D., Worden, T. J., and Jacobs, G. A. (1987a). Emotional and familial determinants of elevated blood pressure in black and white adolescent males.J. Psychosom. Res. 31: 287–300.

  20. Johnson, E. H., Schork, N. J., and Spielberger, C. D. (1987b). Emotional and familial determinants of elevated blood pressure in black and white adolescent females.J. Psychosom. Res. 31: 731–741.

  21. Kannel, W. B., and Eaker, E. D. (1986). Psychosocial and other features of coronary heart disease. Insights from the Framingham Study.Am. Heart J. 112: 1066–1073.

  22. Kannel, W. B., Castelli, W. P., and Gordon, T. (1979). Cholesterol in the prediction of atherosclerotic disease: New perspectives based on the Framingham Study.Ann. Intern. Med. 90: 85–91.

  23. Keys, A. (1970). Coronary heart disease in seven countries.Circulation 41 (Suppl. 1): 1–99.

  24. King, P. (1989). Double jeopardy: Cholesterol and Type A. Minding your health — Mind over cholesterol.Psychol. Today Sept.: 26.

  25. Kowalski, R. E. (1989).The 8-Week Cholesterol Cure, Harper and Row, New York.

  26. Lipid Research Clinic Programs (1975).Manual of Laboratory Operations. Vol. 1. Lipid and Lipoprotein Analysis, DHEW (Publ. No. NIH) 75-628.

  27. Lippel, K., Tyroler, H., Eder, H., Gotto, A., and Vahouny, G. (1981). Meeting summary: relationship of hypertriglygeridemia to atherosclerosis.Atheriosclerosis 1: 406–417.

  28. Lundberg, U., Hedman, M., Melin, B., and Frankenhaeuser, M. (1989). Type A behavior in healthy males and females as related to physiological reactivity and blood lipids.Psychosom. Med. 51: 113–22.

  29. Mathews, K., Glass, D., Rosenman, R., and Bortner, R. (1977). Competitive drive, pattern A, and coronary heart disease: A further analysis of some data from the Western Collaborative Group Study.J. Chron. Dis. 30: 489–498.

  30. National Center for Health Statistics (1979).Health, United States, Public Health Service, DHHS No. (PHS) 80-1232, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

  31. Obrist, P. A. (1981).Cardiovascular Psychophysiology: A Perspective, Plenum Press, New York.

  32. Peuler, J. D., and Johnson, G. A. (1977). Simultaneous single isotope radioenzymatic assay of plasma norepinephrine, epinephrine, and dopamine.Life Sci. 21: 625–636.

  33. Shekelle, R. B., Gayle, M., Ostfeld, M. A., and Paul, O. (1983). Hostility, risk of CHD, and mortality.Psychosom. Med. 45: 109–114.

  34. Sing, C. F., Orr, J. D., and Moll, P. J. (1980). Review of factors that predict serum cholesterol in general population. In Lauer, R. M. and Shekelle, R. B. (eds.),Childhood Prevention of Atherosclerosis and Hypertension, Ravern Press, New York, pp. 87–97.

  35. Spielberger, C. D. (1988).State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI), Psychologic and Assessment Resources.

  36. Spielberger, C. D., Jacobs, G. A., Barker, L.,et al. (1979). Preliminary manual for the state-trait personality inventory (STPI). Center for Research in Behavioral Medicine and Health Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa.

  37. Spielberger, C. D., Jacobs, G. A., Russell, S., and Crane, R. (1983). Assessment of anger: The State-Trait Anger Scale. In Butcher, J. N. and Spielberger, C. D. (eds.),Advances in Personality Assessment, Vol. 2, LEA, Hillsdale, NJ.

  38. Spielberger, C. D., Johnson, E. H., Russell, S. F., Crane, R., Jacobs, G. A., and Worden, T. J. (1985). The experience and expression of anger: Construction and validation of an anger expression scale. In Chesney, M. A., and Rosenman, R. H. (eds.),Anger and Hostility in Cardiovascular and Behavioral Disorders, McGraw-Hill, New York.

  39. Van Doornen, L. J. P., and Orlebeke, J. F. (1982). Stress, personality and serum cholesterol level.J. Hum. Stress 8: 24–29.

  40. Waldstein, S. R., Manuck, S. B., Bachen, E. A., Muldoon, M. F., and Bricker, P. L. (1990). Anger expression, lipids, and lipoproteins. Poster presentation at the Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, Chicago, April 18–20, p. 102 (abstr.).

  41. Warnick, G. R., and Ables, J. J. (1978). A comprehensive evaluation of the heparin-manganese precipitation procedure for estimating high density lipoprotein cholesterol.J. Lipid Res. 19: 65–76.

  42. Weidner, G., Sexton, G., McLellarn, R., Connor, S. L., and Matarazzo, J. D. (1987). The role of Type A behavior and hostility in an elevation of plasma lipids in adult women and men.Psychosom. Med. 49: 136–45.

  43. Wilson, W. F. (1989). The epidemiology of hypercholesterolemia. A global perspective.Am. J. Med. 87 (Suppl. 4A): 5S-13S.

  44. Zanchetti, A., Baccelli, G., Mancia, G., and Ellison, D. (1972).Emotion and Cardiovascular System in the Cat. Physiology, Emotion and Psychosomatic Illness, Ciba Foundation Symposium, North Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 201–223.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Ernest H. Johnson.

Additional information

This work was supported by NHLBI Grant RO1-HL38424 to Dr. Johnson, who completed this study at the Division of Hypertension at the University of Michigan Medical Center.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Johnson, E.H., Collier, P., Nazzaro, P. et al. Psychological and physiological predictors of lipids in black males. J Behav Med 15, 285–298 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00845357

Download citation

Key words

  • lipids
  • predictors
  • psychological
  • physiological
  • black males