Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 11, Issue 5, pp 459–472 | Cite as

A comparison of the Fishbein and Ajzen and the Triandis attitudinal models for the prediction of exercise intention and behavior

  • Pierre Valois
  • Raymond Desharnais
  • Gaston Godin


The main purpose of the study was to compare the efficiency of the Fishbein and Ajzen and the Triandis models to predict (1) the intention to participate regularly in some physical activities during free time within a 3-week period and (2) the exercise behavior within these 3 weeks among a group of 166 subjects, aged 22 to 65 years. Our results show that the Triandis model was as efficient as the Fishbein and Ajzen model in predicting the exercise behavior. However, the results obtained from the Triandis model demonstrate the importance of the habit of exercising in predicting the exercise behavior. Moreover, the Triandis model was superior to the Fishbein and Ajzen model in explaining behavioral intention. Of particular interest was the salience of the affective, social, and personal belief components of the Triandis model. In addition, from a practical perspective, this comparative study showed that (1) to exercise regularly is perceived as hard work, and (2) individuals believe that it is their own responsibility to exercise or not to exercise.

Key words

attitude exercise habit intention theory 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierre Valois
    • 1
  • Raymond Desharnais
    • 2
  • Gaston Godin
    • 3
  1. 1.Département de Mesure et EvaluationUniversité LavalSte-FoyCanada
  2. 2.Département d'Education PhysiqueUniversité LavalSte-FoyCanada
  3. 3.Ecole des Sciences InfirmiŕesUniversité LavalSte-FoyCanada

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