Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 509–522 | Cite as

Prediction of adherence and control in diabetes

  • D. J. Kavanagh
  • S. Gooley
  • P. H. Wilson


This study aims to predict adherence to diabetic treatment regimens and sustained diabetic control. During two clinic visits that were 2 months apart, 63 adult outpatients completed measures of diabetic history, current treatment, diabetic control, adherence, and self-efficacy about adherence to treatment. Results showed that self-efficacy was a significant predictor of later adherence to diabetes treatment even after past levels of adherence were taken into account. Posttest levels of adherence in turn were significantly associated with posttest %HbA1c after control for illness severity. A stepwise multiple regression to predict %HbA1c at post entered pretest measures of diabetic control, treatment type, and self-efficacy, which together predicted 50% of the variance. Results are related to self-efficacy theory and implications for practice are discussed.

Key words

adherence control diabetes self-efficacy 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. J. Kavanagh
    • 1
  • S. Gooley
    • 1
  • P. H. Wilson
    • 2
  1. 1.University of SydneySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Flinders University of South AustraliaAustralia

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