Advertisement

Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 43–50 | Cite as

Reliability and validity of the Appraisal of Diabetes Scale

  • Michael P. Carey
  • Randall S. Jorgensen
  • Ruth S. Weinstock
  • Robert P. Sprafkin
  • Larry J. Lantinga
  • C. L. M. CarnrikeJr.
  • Marilyn T. Baker
  • Andrew W. Meisler
Article

Abstract

The present research evaluated the psychometric properties of a brief self-report instrument designed to assess appraisal of diabetes. Two hundred male subjects completed the Appraisal of Diabetes Scale (ADS) and provided blood samples that were subsequently assayed to provide an index of glycemic control (i.e., glycosylated hemoglobin). Subjects also completed either (a) additional measures of diabetes-related health beliefs, diabetic daily hassles, perceived stress, diabetic adherence, and psychiatric symptoms or (b) the ADS on two additional occasions. Results indicated that the ADS is an internally consistent and stable measure of diabetes-related appraisal. The validity of the measure was supported by correlational analyses which documented the relationship between the ADS and several related self-report measures.

Key words

diabetes appraisal stress psychometrics 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Brownlee-Duffeck, M., Peterson, L., Simonds, J. F., Goldstein, D., Kilo, C., and Hoette, S. (1987). The role of health beliefs in the regimen adherence and metabolic control of adolescents and adults with diabetes mellitus.J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 55: 139–144.Google Scholar
  2. Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., and Mermelstein, R. J. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress.J. Health Soc. Behav. 24: 385–396.Google Scholar
  3. Cox, D. J., Taylor, A. B., Nowacek, B., Holley-Wilcox, P., Pohl, S. L., and Guthrow, E. (1984). The relationship between psychological stress and insulin-dependent diabetic blood glucose control: Preliminary investigations.Health Psychol. 3: 63–75.Google Scholar
  4. Cronbach, L. J. (1951). Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests.Psychometrika 16: 297–334.Google Scholar
  5. Gonen, B., Rachman, H., Rubenstein, A. H., Tanega, S. P., and Horwitz, D. L. (1977). Hemoglobin A1c: An indicator of the metabolic control of diabetic patients.Lancet 2: 734–737.Google Scholar
  6. Gong-Goy, E., and Hammen, C. (1980). Causal perceptions of stressful events in depressed and nondepressed outpatients.J. Abnorm. Psychol. 89: 662–669.Google Scholar
  7. Hammen, C., and Mayol, A. (1982). Depression and cognitive characteristics of stressful life-event types.J. Abnorm. Psychol. 91: 165–174.Google Scholar
  8. Ilfeld, F. W., Jr. (1976). Further validation of a Psychiatric Symptom Index in a normal population.Psychol. Rep. 39: 1215–1228.Google Scholar
  9. Kanner, A. D., Coyne, J. C., Schaefer, C., and Lazarus, R. S. (1981). Comparison of two modes of stress measurement: Daily hassles and uplifts versus major life events.J. Behav. Med. 4: 1–39.Google Scholar
  10. Wing, R. R., Epstein, L. H., Nowalk, M. P., and Lamparski, D. M. (1987). Behavioral self-regulation in the treatment of patients with diabetes mellitus.Psychol. Bull. 99: 78–89.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael P. Carey
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Randall S. Jorgensen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ruth S. Weinstock
    • 2
    • 3
  • Robert P. Sprafkin
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Larry J. Lantinga
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • C. L. M. CarnrikeJr.
    • 1
  • Marilyn T. Baker
    • 2
  • Andrew W. Meisler
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, 430 Huntington HallSyracuse UniversitySyracuse
  2. 2.Syracuse Veterans Administration Medical CenterSyracuse
  3. 3.State University of New York Health Science Center at SyracuseSyracuse

Personalised recommendations