Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 523–538

Breast self-examination in women 35 and older: A prospective study

  • Victoria L. Champion

DOI: 10.1007/BF00844733

Cite this article as:
Champion, V.L. J Behav Med (1990) 13: 523. doi:10.1007/BF00844733


A correlational study was conducted to identify attitudinal variables specified by the Health Belief Model that were related to frequency and total performance (frequency and proficiency) of breast self-examination (BSE). The probability sample consisted of 362 women, ages 35 and over, who were initially contacted via random digit dialing. Data were collected during in-home interviews by trained graduate assistants and by telephone interview 1 year later. Results supported the ability of past performance, perceived barriers, and knowledge to predict current total performance (combined frequency and proficiency). In addition, frequency for breast self-examination was predicted by past frequency, barriers, health motivation, control, being taught by a doctor, confidence, having BSE procedure checked, benefits, and susceptibility. Results lend support to use of attitudinal and experiential variables in predicting women's actual behaviors in relation to breast self-examination.

Key words

breast self-examination health beliefs cancer 

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victoria L. Champion
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Community HealthIndiana UniversityIndianapolis

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