American Journal of Dance Therapy

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 27–44 | Cite as

Movement and psychodynamic pattern changes in long-term dance/movement therapy groups

  • Erma Dosamantes
Articles

Abstract

The benefits of performing long-term dance/movement therapy process research are underscored by this study. Shifts among selected movement and psychodynamic variables were tracked at set time intervals over the duration of 2 two-year long psychodynamically-oriented dance/movement therapy groups; the two groups were combined into one for the purpose of statistical analyses. The findings confirmed clinically-predicted changes among participants relative to individual and interactional movement style, and with respect to the following psychodynamic variables: object-choice of prevailing fantasy, prevailing affective theme explored, level of group trust and selfesteem experienced, and perception of therapist (as an experiential container, a provider of movement structure, and an interpreter of meaning). The results further revealed several patterns within as well as between some of the psychodynamic variables studied. For example, two different patterns emerged among participants with regard to their fantasy object-choice and affective themes explored. Additonally, the working through of anger and rage was followed by a rise in self-esteem and group trust during the first year; the latter changes in turn, were succeeded by an exploration of issues of intimacy-dependency and separation-loss during the second year. The clinical implications of the findings were discussed. Support was found for the application of an attachment-separation developmental framework to the evolving therapeutic group process.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anderson, W. (1975). Pas de Psyche.Human Behavior, 56–60.Google Scholar
  2. Bales, R.F. (1950).Interaction Process Analysis: A Method for the Study of Small Groups. Cambridge: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  3. Bartenieff, I. (1972). Dance therapy: A new profession of a re-discovery of an ancient role of dance?Dance Scope, 6–18.Google Scholar
  4. Bernstein, P. & Bernstein, L. (1973–74). A conceptualization of group dance-movement as a ritual process.American Dance Therapy Association Monograph No. 3, 120–133.Google Scholar
  5. Bernstein, P.L. and Singer, D. (Eds.) (1982).The Choreography of Object Relations. Keene, New Hampshire: Antioch New England Graduate School.Google Scholar
  6. Burton, C.L. (1974). Movement as group therapy in the psychiatric hospital. In K.C. Mason (Ed.)Dance Therapy: Focus on Dance VII. Washington, D.C.: American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation.Google Scholar
  7. Call, J.D. (1984). From early patterns of communication to the grammar of experience and syntax in infancy. In J.D. Call et al. (Ed.)Frontiers of Infant Psychiatry (Vol. II). New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  8. Chaiklin, S. (1966). Dance Therapy. In S. Arieti (Ed.)American Handbook of Psychiatry (Vol. 2). New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  9. Davis, M. (1977).Methods of Perceiving Patterns of Small Group Behavior. New York: Dance Notation Bureau Press.Google Scholar
  10. Davis, M. (1979). Laban analysis of nonverbal communication. In S. Weitz (Ed.)Nonverbal Communication. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Dosamantes-Alperson, E. (1979). The intrapsychic and the interpersonal in movement psychotherapy.American Journal of Dance Therapy, 3 20–21.Google Scholar
  12. Dosamantes-Alperson, E., & Merrill, N. (1980). Growth effects of experiential movement psychotherapy.Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 17 63–68.Google Scholar
  13. Dosamantes-Alperson, E. (1982–83). Working with internalized relationships through a kinesthetic and kinetic imagery process.Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 2 333–343.Google Scholar
  14. Dosamantes-Alperson, E. (1983). Undoing somatic repression through kinesthetic and kinetic body imagery.Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 3 199–207.Google Scholar
  15. Dosamantes-Alperson, E. (1984). Experiential Movement Psychotherapy. In P.L. Bernstein (Ed.)Theoretical Approaches to Dance/Movement Therapy, Volume 2. Dubuque: Kendall/Hunt.Google Scholar
  16. Dosamantes-Alperson, E. (1987). Transference and counter-transference issues in movement psychotherapy.The Arts in Psychotherapy, 4 209–214.Google Scholar
  17. Fletcher, D. (1979). Experience within the therapeutic process: a psychodynamic orientation. In P.L. Bernstein (Ed.)Eight Theoretical Approaches in Dance-Movement Therapy. Dubuque: Kendall/Hunt.Google Scholar
  18. Hawkins, A. (1972). Section 1. Introduction to six treatment programs. InProceedings of the First California Regional Meeting of the American Dance Therapy Association.Google Scholar
  19. Johnson, D.R. & Sandel, S.L. (1983). Structural aspects of group leadership styles.American Journal of Dance Therapy, 6 17–30.Google Scholar
  20. Mahler, M.S., Pine, F., & Bergman, A. (1975).The Psychological Birth of the Human Infant. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  21. Meltzoff, J. & Kornreich, M. (1970).Research in Psychotherapy. New York: Atherton Press.Google Scholar
  22. Naess, J. (1982). A developmental approach to the interactive process in dance/movement therapy.American Journal of Dance Therapy, 5 43–55.Google Scholar
  23. Schmais, C. & Felber, D.J. (1977). Dance therapy analysis: A method for observing and analyzing a dance therapy group.American Journal of Dance Therapy, 1 18–25.Google Scholar
  24. Schmais, C. (1985). Healing processes in group dance therapy.American Journal of Dance Therapy, 8 17–36.Google Scholar
  25. Secord, P.F. & Jourard, S.M. (1953). The appraisal of body-cathexis: Body-cathexis and the self.Journal of Consulting Psychology, 17 343–347.Google Scholar
  26. Shostrom, E.L. (1964). A test for the measurement of self-actualization.Educational and Psychological Measurement, 24 207–218.Google Scholar
  27. Weitz, S. (1979).Nonverbal Communication. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© American Dance Therapy Association 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erma Dosamantes

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations