Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 139–157 | Cite as

The role of coping responses and social resources in attenuating the stress of life events

  • Andrew G. Billings
  • Rudolf H. Moos


The nature of individual coping responses to stressful life events was explored in a representative adult community sample. Two approaches to the classification of coping strategies were operationalized. Using these measures, small but significant gender and contextual differences in coping were identified. Mood and symptom levels were related to coping responses and to quantitative and qualitative measures of social resources. Measures of coping and social resources attenuated the relationship between undesirable life events and personal functioning.

Key words

coping stressful life events social resources physical symptoms community 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew G. Billings
    • 1
  • Rudolf H. Moos
    • 1
  1. 1.Social Ecology Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesStanford University and the Veterans Administration Medical CenterPalo Alto

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