Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 38, Issue 1–3, pp 95–114 | Cite as

Reproductive biology of lamnoid sharks

  • R. Grant Gilmore
Article

Synopsis

The capture of recently inseminated or pregnant specimens ofCarcharias taurus, Isurus paucus, I. oxyrinchus, Alopias superciliosus andA. vulpinus has allowed new information to be obtained on the reproductive biology of these species. Oophagy and embryonic cannibalism (adelphophagy) have been documented inC. taurus, but only oophagy in other lamnoid species. The occurrence of up to nine embryos of similar size per uterus inIsurus and no indication of functional erect teeth in embryos leaves considerable doubt that embryophagy occurs in this genus. Considerable data has been collected onCarcharias taurus which allows a lamnoid reproductive model to be developed and tested, in spite of the obvious differences between the reproductive biology of this species and other lamnoids. Gonad structure, ovarian development, fertilization, early embryonic differentiation, embryonic nutrition and parturition, inC. taurus and other lamnoids differs significantly from other elasmobranchs.

Key words

Embryonic development Oophagy Embryophagy Adelphophagy Migration Elasmobranchs 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Grant Gilmore
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Environmental, Coastal and Ocean Sciences, Harbor Branch Oceanographic InstitutionFort PierceU.S.A.

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