Advertisement

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 49–58 | Cite as

The estimation and interpretation of air quality trends, including some implications for network design

  • R. E. Munn
Article

Abstract

A review is given of methods being used to identify and interpret trends in air quality data from single stations and from networks of stations. Some comments are also included concerning the problem of designing networks which will identify trends as quickly as possible, thus providing early warnings of significant changes in air quality.

Keywords

Environmental Management Quality Data Early Warning Network Design Single Station 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    CraddockJ. M.: 1957, ‘A Simple Statistical Test for Use in the Study of Climatic Change’,Weather 12, 252–258.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    BoxG. E. P. and JenkinsG. M.: 1976,Time Series Analysis, Forecasting and Control (2nd edition), Holden-Day, San Francisco, 575 pp.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    TiaoG. C., BoxG. E. P., and HammingW. J.: 1975, ‘A Statistical Aanalysis of the Los Angeles Ambient Carbon Monoxide Data 1955–1972’,J. Air Poll. Control Assoc. 25, 1129–1136.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    CampbellJ. (Ed.): 1978,Proc. NASA-Sponsored Symp. on Ozone Trend Detectability, Boulder, Col. (July, 1977), 84 pp. (available from Dr. J. Campbell, NASA Langley Res. Center, Hampton, Va.).Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    HillW. J. and SheldonP.N.: 1975, ‘Statistical Modelling of Total Ozone Measurements with an Example Using Data from Arosa, Switzerland’,Geophys. Res. Letters 2, 541–544.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    PittockA. B.: 1972, ‘Evaluating the Risk to Society from the SST: Some Thoughts Occasioned by the AAS Report’,Search 3, 285–289.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    PittockA. B.: 1974, ‘Ozone Climatology, Trends and the Monitoring Problem’, In:Proc. Int. Conf. on Structure, Composition and General Circulation of the Upper and Lower Atmospheres and Possible Anthropogenic Perturbations, Vol. I, pp. 455–466 (available from Dr. S. Ruttenberg, NCAR, Boulder, Col.).Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    KarolI. L., PolyakI. I., and VinnikovK. Ya.: 1976, ‘Statistically Correct Determination of Long-Period Trends in Geophysical Data Series’,Pageoph. 114, 965–974.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    MunnR. E. and RodheH.: 1971, ‘On the Meteorological Interpretation of the Chemical Composition of Monthly Precipitation Samples’,Tellus 23, 1–13.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    PittockA. B.: 1977, ‘On the Causes of Local Climatic Anomalies, with Special Reference to Precipitation in Washington State’,J. Appl. Meteorol. 16, 223–230.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    MunnR. E.: 1969, ‘Pollution Wind-Rose Analysis’,Atmosphere 7, 97–105.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    HillW. J., SheldonP. N., and TiedeJ. J.: 1977, ‘Analyzing Worldwide Total Ozone for Trends’,Geophys. Res. Letters 4, 21–24.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    PrinnR. G., AlyeaF. N., and CunnoldD. M.: 1976, ‘The Impact of Stratospheric Variability on Measurement Programs for Minor Constituents’,Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 57, 685–694.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    MunnR. E.: 1980,The Design of Air Quality Monitoring Networks, Macmillan Press Ltd., Basingstoke, Hampshire, U.K. (in press).Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    MahlmanJ. D., LevyH., and MaximW. J.: 1978, ‘Simulation of the Three-Dimensional Structure and Variability of Atmospheric N2O’. In Preprint Vol.WMO Symp. on Geophys. Aspects and Consequences of Changes in Composition of Stratosphere, WMO Geneva, p. 215.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    MaximW. J. and MahlmanJ. D.: 1978, ‘Evaluation of Various Total Ozone Sampling Networks Using the GFDL 3-D Tracer Model’. In Preprint Vol.WMO Symp. on Geophys. Aspects and Consequences of Changes in Composition of Stratosphere, WMO Geneva, p. 217.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. E. Munn
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Environmental StudiesThe University of TorontoTorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations