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GeoJournal

, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 213–230 | Cite as

The Bomber's Baedeker -target book for strategic bombing in the Economic Warfare against German Towns 1943–45

  • Hohn Uta 
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Abstract

In 1943, the British Ministry of Economic Warfare (MEW) issued the “Bomber's Baedeker. A Guide to the Economic Importance of German Towns and Cities”, followed by a second extended edition in 1944. Both editions have now been analysed completely for the first time. Based on information taken from the second edition, the analysis on the macro-level allows statements about the spatial distribution of the most important war-economic targets of the German Reich within the borders of 1937, as seen from the British point of view, just as about the distribution of target priorities within the town hierarchy, classified by population size, and on the micro-level about the information density provided for any single town. The final picture to emerge of the destruction of German towns at the end of the war reveals that quite a number were bombed which the MEW had not recommended for attack. This was due to the economically orientated target selection of the MEW being eclipsed and intermingled with the aims of those who promised to decide the war by demoralising the German population through general ’dehousing’ as well as by bombardments in support of ground forces advancing into the German hinterland at the end of the war.

Keywords

Spatial Distribution Population Size Environmental Management Economic Importance German Population 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hohn Uta 
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyGerhard-Mercator-University of DuisburgDuisburgGermany

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