Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 261–268 | Cite as

Caregivers of Turkish schizophrenic patients: causal attributions, burdens and attitudes to help from the health professionals

  • A. N. Karanci
Original Paper

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the causal attributions, difficulties, perceived and expected help behaviour of health care professionals, and hope for the future well-being of the caregivers of Turkish schizophrenic patients in order to form guidelines for forming a collaboration with the families of schizophrenic patients. Sixty caregivers were interviewed by using a semi-structured interview schedule. The responses of the literature in this area. The caregivers guidelines of the literature in this area. The caregivers attributed schizophrenia mainly to psychosocial causes, namely stressful events (50%), family coflicts (40%) and patients' characteristics (28%). The most frequently reported difficulties were family conflicts and disruptions of family life (57%), subjective burden (48%) and financial costs due to the patient (27%). The number of difficulties reported by caregivers was related to the duration of the patient's illness. Caregivers perceived pharmacological treatment (42%), interest and support given to the caregiver (28%), and the hospitalization of the patient (20%) as helpful. Their expectations of help were in similar areas. About half of the caregivers were optimistic about the future wellbeing of their relatives. Optimistic and pessimistic caregivers differed in the educational level of the caregiver and the duration of the patient's illness. The results suggested that the families of schizophrenics need the support of professionals and the establishment of networks focusing on the caregivers and their relationships with their ill relatives and with health care institutions.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. N. Karanci
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyMiddle East Technical University ODTÜAnkaraTurkey

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