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Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 25, Issue 5, pp 235–243 | Cite as

Self-esteem and depression

III. Aetiological issues
  • G. W. Brown
  • A. Bifulco
  • B. Andrews
Article

Summary

This is the last of a series of three papers dealing with the role of self-esteem in the onset of clinical depression. On the basis of a longitudinal population enquiry a comprehensive psychosocial model of depression is developend. It is concluded that self-esteem (primarily in terms of a negative measure) does play a significant role. However, this can be only properly interpreted in the light of the full model. This highlights: 1. the importance of the occurrence of both a negative enviromental factor (negative interaction with children or husband for married or negative interaction with children or lack of a very close tie for single mothers)and a negative psychological factor (low self-esteem or chronic subclinical condition); and 2. how a relatively small group of high risk women in these terms (23% of total at risk based on measures collected well of onset of depression occurring over a 12 month period.

Keywords

Public Health High Risk Significant Role Small Group Clinical Depression 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. W. Brown
    • 1
  • A. Bifulco
    • 1
  • B. Andrews
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Social Policy and Social Science Royal Holloway and Bedford New CollegeUniversity of LondonLondonEngland

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