Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 25, Issue 5, pp 235–243 | Cite as

Self-esteem and depression

III. Aetiological issues
  • G. W. Brown
  • A. Bifulco
  • B. Andrews


This is the last of a series of three papers dealing with the role of self-esteem in the onset of clinical depression. On the basis of a longitudinal population enquiry a comprehensive psychosocial model of depression is developend. It is concluded that self-esteem (primarily in terms of a negative measure) does play a significant role. However, this can be only properly interpreted in the light of the full model. This highlights: 1. the importance of the occurrence of both a negative enviromental factor (negative interaction with children or husband for married or negative interaction with children or lack of a very close tie for single mothers)and a negative psychological factor (low self-esteem or chronic subclinical condition); and 2. how a relatively small group of high risk women in these terms (23% of total at risk based on measures collected well of onset of depression occurring over a 12 month period.


Public Health High Risk Significant Role Small Group Clinical Depression 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. W. Brown
    • 1
  • A. Bifulco
    • 1
  • B. Andrews
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Social Policy and Social Science Royal Holloway and Bedford New CollegeUniversity of LondonLondonEngland

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