Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 25, Issue 5, pp 225–234 | Cite as

Self-esteem and depression

II. Social correlates of self-esteem
  • G. W. Brown
  • A. Bifulco
  • H. O. F. Veiel
  • B. Andrews


The Self-Evaluation and Social Support Schedule (SESS), an interview-based instrument, is described, which aims to give a comprehensive description of a person's social milieu in terms of ‘objective’ and ‘subjective’ measures. On the basis of a population survey of 400 largely working-class women, a tentative causal model is developed which relates both the quality of current interpersonal ties and childhood experiences to current negative and positive measures of self-esteem. A major purpose of the execrise is to develop positive and negative indices of the social environment that can be used to elucidate the aetiological role of self-esteem in the development of depression. This is the task of a third paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. W. Brown
    • 1
  • A. Bifulco
    • 1
  • H. O. F. Veiel
    • 2
  • B. Andrews
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Social Policy and Social Science, Royal Holloway and Bedford New CollegeUniversity of LondonLondonEngland
  2. 2.Central Institute of Mental HealthMannheimGermany

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