Advertisement

Journal of Wood Science

, Volume 46, Issue 3, pp 210–214 | Cite as

Effect of adding steam-exploded wood flour to thermoplastic polymer/wood composite

  • Masahiro Takatani
  • Osamu Kato
  • Takashi Kitayama
  • Tadashi Okamoto
  • Mitsuhiko Tanahashi
Original Article

Abstract

The effect of steam-exploded wood flour (SE) added to wood flour/plastic composite was examined using SE from beech, Japanese cedar, and red meranti and three kinds of thermoplastic polymer: polymethylmethacrylate, polyvinyl chloride, and polystyrene. Addition of SE increased the fracture strength and water resistance of the composite board to an extent dependent on the polymer species and the composition of wood/SE/polymer. However, water resistance decreased with the increasing proportion of SE when SE meranti was added. Effects of the wood species of SE on the properties of resulting board were small. An increased moisture content of wood flour or SE (or both) increased the variation of board performance.

Key words

Wood flour Thermoplastic polymer Wood/polymer composite (WPC) Steam explosion 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Takatani M, Fukumoto S, Fujita S, Yamazaki T, Hamada R, Kitayama T, Okamoto T (1998) Performance of phenolformaldehyde based wood adhesives containing steam exploded beech four. Holzforschung 52:651–653CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wolcott MP (ed) (1993) Wood fiber/polymer composites. Madison, Forest Products Society, pp 1–134Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Caufield DF, Rowell RM, Youngquist JA (eds) (1996) Wood fiber/ polymer composites. Forest Products Society. Madison, pp 1–256Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rowell RM, Schultz TP, Narayan R (eds) (1992) Emerging technologies for materials and chemicals from biomass. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, pp 1–451Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Conner AH, Christiansen AW, Myers GE, River BH, Vick CB, Spelter HN (eds) (1991) Wood adhesives 1990. Forest Products Research Society, Madison, pp 163–190Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rowell RM, Cleary BA, Rowell JS, Clemons C, Young RA (1993) Results of chemical modification of lignocellulosic fibers for use in composites. In: Wolcott MP (ed) Wood fiber/polymer composites. Forest Products Society, Madison, pp 121–127Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Narayan R (1992) Compatibilization of lignocellulosics with plastics. In: Rowell RM, Schultz TP, Narayan R (eds) Emerging technologies for materials and chemicals from biomass. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, pp 57–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Stamm AJ, Harris EE (1953) Chemical processing of wood. New York, Chemical Publishing Co, pp 360–362Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Japanese Industrial Standard (1994) Particleboards, JIS A 5908 (in Japanese). Tokyo, JapanGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ito H (1996) BS thesis (in Japanese), Faculty of Agriculture, Kinki Daigaku UniversityGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Japan Wood Research Society 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masahiro Takatani
    • 1
  • Osamu Kato
    • 1
  • Takashi Kitayama
    • 1
  • Tadashi Okamoto
    • 1
  • Mitsuhiko Tanahashi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of AgricultureKinki Daigaku UniversityNaraJapan
  2. 2.Department of Utilization of Biological ProductsGifu UniversityGifuJapan

Personalised recommendations