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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 139, Issue 1, pp 49–58 | Cite as

Fish-zooplankton interactions and their effects on water quality of a tropical Brazilian reservoir

  • M. S. Arcifa
  • T. G. Northcote
  • O. Froehlich
Article

Abstract

The influence of zooplanktivorous fishes on the plankton community and water quality of Americana Reservoir, Brazil was studied experimentally in 4 floating enclosures during the dry seasons (July–September) of 1982 and 1983. Two enclosures were stocked with adult fish (Astyanax bimaculatus in 1982;A. fasciatus in 1983) at near maximal densities measured in the reservoir upper surface waters (35 m−2) and two were fish-free during each experiment lasting about one month. Marked differences were evident between the fish and fish-free enclosures after a 2–3 week period in each experiment, particularly with respect to water transparency, phytoplankton biomass, and zooplankton abundance as well as species and size composition. By the end of each experiment water transparencies were lower and phytoplankton biomass higher in the fish enclosures compared to those without fish. Also at that time Rotifera were the prominent zooplankters in the fish enclosures and Cladocera in the fish-free ones. Larger or more conspicuous species of Cladocera asDaphnia gessneri, D. ambigua, andMoina micrura were present in the fish-free enclosures but not in the fish enclosures. The interactions between fish predation, zooplankton grazing, phytoplankton biomass and water quality conditions are discussed in relation to eutrophication of a tropical aquatic ecosystem.

Keywords

fish zooplankton eutrophication biological control tropical reservoir 

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Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. S. Arcifa
    • 1
  • T. G. Northcote
    • 2
  • O. Froehlich
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento de Biologia, F.F.C.L.Universidade de São PauloRibeirão PretoBrasil
  2. 2.Institute of Animal Resource EcologyThe University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  3. 3.Departamento de ZoologiaUnicamp, Campinas SPBrasil

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