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Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 9, Issue 8, pp 874–878 | Cite as

Complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in HIV and AIDS patients

  • B. J. Carroll
  • R. J. Rosenthal
  • E. H. Phillips
  • H. Bonet
Original Articles
  • 27 Downloads

Abstract

We retrospectively evaluated the results of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with and without acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

One thousand one hundred twenty-seven consecutive patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy by our surgical group. Eighteen of these patients were known to be infected with the HIV virus; 6 were asymptomatic and 12 had AIDS. We reviewed the medical records of all HIV-positive individuals with regard to morbidity, mortality, and postoperative outcome following laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

In the six HIV-patients without AIDS, five (83%) had improvement of symptoms postoperatively. There was one minor complication (17%). In contrast, only one of the 12 patients with AIDS had postoperative improvement of symptoms and eight (66%) had complications after surgery. There were four deaths (33%) within 30 days of surgery in this group.

Only a small percentage of AIDS patients benefit from laparoscopic cholecystectomy. There is a significantly morbidity and mortality following this procedure in this group. Strategies to improve outcome are presented.

Key words

Cholecystitis Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome Laparoscopy Cholecystectomy 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. J. Carroll
    • 1
  • R. J. Rosenthal
    • 1
  • E. H. Phillips
    • 1
  • H. Bonet
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Minimally Invasive SurgeryCedars Sinai Medical CenterLos AngelesUSA

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