General Relativity and Gravitation

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 105–129 | Cite as

On shear free normal flows of a perfect fluid

  • A. Barnes
Research Articles


Flows of a perfect fluid in which the flow-lines form a time-like shear-free normal congruence are investigated. The space-time is quite severely restricted by this condition on the flow: it must be of Petrov Type I and is either static or degenerate. All the degenerate fields are classified and the field equations solved completely, except in one class where one ordinary differential equation remains to be solved. This class contains the spherically symmetric non-uniform density fields and their analogues with planar or hyperbolic symmetry. The type D fields admit at least a one-parameter group of local isometries with space-like trajectories. All vacuum fields which admit a time-like shear-free normal congruence are shown to be static. Finally, shear-free perfect fluid flows which possess spherical or a related symmetry are considered, and all uniform density solutions and a few non-uniform density solutions are found. The exact solutions are tabulated in section 7.


Fluid Flow Field Equation Differential Geometry Normal Flow Perfect Fluid 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Company Limited 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Barnes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsImperial College of Science and TechnologyLondon SW7

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