Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 100, Issue 3–4, pp 281–307 | Cite as

The determination of the energy barrier for phase slips in superfluid4He

  • J. Steinhauer
  • K. Schwab
  • Yury Mukharsky
  • J. C. Davis
  • Richard E. Packard


The velocity dependence of the energy barrier for vortex creation in microscopic apertures is determined. When compared to results from other laboratories, the energy barrier seems to be a universal function of velocity. This universality suggests that the vortex nucleation process is independent of the microscopic surface structure of the aperture. In DC flow experiments, the vortices are nucleated at rates up to 700kHz. In single phase slip experiments, the rate of nucleation is on the order of 10 Hz. Each of these types of experiments gives the energy barrier in a different velocity regime. The energy barrier has more curvature, as a function of velocity, than can be accounted for by the half-ring model of vortex nucleation.


Vortex Magnetic Material Energy Barrier Surface Structure Single Phase 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Steinhauer
    • 1
  • K. Schwab
    • 1
  • Yury Mukharsky
    • 1
  • J. C. Davis
    • 1
  • Richard E. Packard
    • 1
  1. 1.Physics DepartmentUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeley

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