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Space Science Reviews

, Volume 63, Issue 1–2, pp 1–188 | Cite as

Small-scale solar magnetic fields: An overview

  • Sami K. Solanki
Article

Abstract

An overview is given of the observational and the theoretical methods used to investigate solar magnetic fields. It includes an introduction to the Stokes parameters, their radiative transfer in the presence of a magnetic field, and empirical techniques used to measure various properties of solar magnetic features, such as the strength and direction of the magnetic field, magnetic flux, temperature, velocity, size and lifetime. The MHD equations are introduced and some of the most common simplifications used to describe solar magnetic features are outlined.

The application of these techniques to small-scale magnetic features is surveyed. The results of empirical and theoretical investigations of small-scale solar magnetic features are reviewed. Current views on their magnetic structure, thermal stratification, velocity field, size, distribution and evolution are presented. Finally, some open questions concerning small-scale solar magnetic fields are listed.

Keywords

Magnetic Field Stratification Velocity Field Magnetic Flux Magnetic Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sami K. Solanki
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für AstronomieETH-ZentrumZürichSwitzerland

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