Argumentation

, Volume 9, Issue 5, pp 693–704 | Cite as

Argument and alternative dispute resolution systems

  • Gregg B. Walker
  • Steven E. Daniels
Article

Abstract

Alternative dispute resolution occurs outside the litigation process. The alternative dispute resolution (ADR) movement in North America has emphasized viable alternatives to the litigation framework, such as arbitration, mediation, med-arb, multi-party facilitation, non-legal negotiation, mini-trials, administrative hearings, private judging (“renta-judge”), fact finding, and moderated settlement conferences. This essay addresses argument in the dominant alternatives: arbitration, mediation, and multi-party facilitation. Prior to comparing argument in these ADR systems, each will be briefly described.

Key words

alternative dispute regulation arbitration mediation multi-party facilitation argumentation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams, C. W.: 1987, ‘Final Offer Arbitration: Time for Serious Consideration by the Courts’,Nebraska Law Review 66, 213–248.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, M. and W. Donohue: 1987, ‘The Mediator as an Arguer’, in J. Wenzel (ed.),Argument and Critical Practices: Proceedings of the Fifty SCA/AFA Conference on Argumentation, Speech Communication Association, Annandale, Virginia.Google Scholar
  3. Auerbach, J.: 1983,Justice Without Law? Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Carnevale, P. J.: 1986, ‘Strategic Choice in Mediation’,Negotiation Journal 2, 41–56.Google Scholar
  5. Cooley, J. W.: 1986, ‘Arbitration versus Mediation - Explaining the Differences’,Judicature 69, 263–269.Google Scholar
  6. Daniels, S. E. and G. B. Walker: 1993, ‘Managing Natural Resource Disputes: The Collaborative Learning Approach’,National Conference on Peacemaking and Conflict Resolution, Portland, Oregon.Google Scholar
  7. Donohue, W. A., M. Allen and N. Burrell: 1988, ‘Mediator Communication Competence’,Communication Monographs 55, 104–119.Google Scholar
  8. Eemeren, F. H. van and R. Grootendorst: 1984, ‘Speech Acts in Argumentative Discussions, Foris Publications, Dordrecht/Providence.Google Scholar
  9. Eemeren, F. H. van and R. Grootendorst: 1990, ‘Analyzing Argumentative Discourse’, in R. Trapp and J. Schuetz (eds.),Perspectives on Argument: Essays in Honor of Wayne Brockriede, Waveland Press, Prospect Heights, Illinois.Google Scholar
  10. Elkoru, F. and E. A. Elkouri: 1985,How Arbitration Works (4th ed.), Bureau of National Affairs, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  11. Feteris, E. T.: 1990, ‘Conditions and Rules for Rational Discussion in a Legal Process: A Pragma-Dialectical Perspective’,Argumentation and Advocacy 26, 108–117.Google Scholar
  12. Galanter, M.: 1984, ‘Worlds of Deals: Using Negotiation to Teach about the Legal Process’,Journal of Legal Education 34, 268–276.Google Scholar
  13. Goldberg, S. B., Ed. D. Green and F. E. A. Sander: 1985,Dispute Resolution, Little, Brown and Company, Boston.Google Scholar
  14. Hill, M. and A. V. Sinicropi: 1980,Evidence in Arbitration, Bureau of National Affairs, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  15. Johnstone, H. W., Jr.: 1982, ‘Bilaterality in Argument and Communication’, in J. R. Cox and C. A. Willard (eds.),Advances in Argumentation Theory and Research, Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.Google Scholar
  16. Keltner, J. W.: 1993,The Management of Struggle: Elements of Dispute Resolution Through Negotiation, Mediation, and Arbitration, Hampton Press, Cresskill, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  17. Kritzer, H. M.: 1991,Let's Make a Deal: Understanding the Negotiation Process in Ordinary Litigation, The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison.Google Scholar
  18. Lovenheim, P.: 1989,Mediate, Don't Litigate, McGraw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  19. Makau, J. M.: 1990,Reasoning and communication: Thinking Critically About Arguments, Wadsworth, Belmont, California.Google Scholar
  20. Moore, C. W.: 1986,The Mediation Process, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.Google Scholar
  21. Murray, J. S., A. S. Rau and E. F. Sherman: 1989,Processes of Dispute Resolution: The Role of Lawyers, The Foundation Press, Westbury, New York.Google Scholar
  22. Pearce, W. B. and V. E. Cronen: 1980,Communication, Action, and Meaning: The Creation of Social Realities, Praeger, New York.Google Scholar
  23. Perelman, C. H.: 1970, ‘Rhetoric and Philosophy’,Philosophy and Rhetoric 1, 15–24.Google Scholar
  24. Pruitt, D. G. and K. Kressel: 1989, ‘Introduction: An Overview of Mediation Research’, in K. Kressel and D. G. Pruitt (eds.),Mediation Research, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.Google Scholar
  25. Rieke, R. D. and M. O. Sillars: 1984,Argumentation and the Decision Making Process (2nd ed.), Scott Foresman, Glenview, Illinois.Google Scholar
  26. Rieke, R. D. and R. K. Stutman: 1990,Communication in Legal Advocacy, University of South Carolina Press, Columbia.Google Scholar
  27. Shimanoff, S. B.: 1980,Communication Rules: Theory and Research, Sage Publications, Beverly Hills, California.Google Scholar
  28. Stipanowich, T. J.: 1988, ‘Rethinking American Arbitration’,Indiana Law Journal 63, 425–487.Google Scholar
  29. Susskind, L. and J. Cruikshank: 1987,Breaking the Impasse: Consensual Approaches to Resolving Public Disputes, Basic Books, New York.Google Scholar
  30. Taylor, A.: 1988, ‘A General Theory of Divorce Mediation’, in J. Folberg and A. Milne (eds.),Divorce Mediation: Theory and Practice, The Guilford Press, New York.Google Scholar
  31. Walker, G. B.: 1991, ‘Argumentation, Collaborative Argument Skills, and Mediation’,National Conference on Peacemaking and Conflict Resolution, Charlotte, North Carolina.Google Scholar
  32. Walker, G. B.: 1992, ‘Five Cs: Cross-cultural Conflict Communication Competence’,Interspectives: A Journal of Transcultural and Peace Education 11, 105–109.Google Scholar
  33. Walker, G. and W. Cue: 1987, ‘Advocacy and Influence in Integrative Negotiation: ‘Win-Win’ Argumentation’, in J. Wenzel (ed.),Argument and Critical Practices: Proceedings of the Fifty SCA/AFA Conference on Argumentation, Speech Communication Association, Annandale, Virginia.Google Scholar
  34. Wenzel, J. W.: 1990, ‘Three Perspectives on Argument: Rhetoric, Dialectic, and Logic’, in R. Trapp and J. Schuetz (eds.),Perspectives on Argument: Essays in Honor of Wayne Brockriede, Waveland Press, Prospect Heights, Illinois.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gregg B. Walker
    • 1
  • Steven E. Daniels
    • 1
  1. 1.Oregon State UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations