Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 165–173 | Cite as

A novel X-ray technique for inspection of steel pipes

  • P. S. Ong
  • W. L. Anderson
  • B. D. Cook
  • R. Subramanyan


The corrosion-induced material loss in crude oil carrying steel pipelines was originally studied by making use of the backscatter X-ray technique. The steel thickness can be determined by studying the density profile of the backscatter intensity vs. the depth location of a “voxel.” There are, however, some practical limitations to the above method, and a new method for evaluating steel thickness, namely, the “transcatter” technique is described. This technique uses the intensity of the beam which is transmitted by the pipe wall and subsequently scattered by the hydrocarbon inside the pipeline. The thickness is evaluated using three techniques, namely, the “sequential” technique, the “dual angle” technique, and the “reference” technique. Of the three techniques, the sequential technique has been studied in detail. The mathematical equations and experimental results related to the transcatter technique show that the thickness can be measured with an accuracy of better than 10% for a nominal steel thickness of 8 mm with a measurement time of several minutes.

Key words

X-rays backscattered X-rays nondestructive evaluation (NDE) corrosion under insulation (CUI) radiography 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. S. Ong
    • 1
  • W. L. Anderson
    • 1
  • B. D. Cook
    • 1
  • R. Subramanyan
    • 1
  1. 1.EE DepartmentUniversity of HoustonHouston

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